|United States Senator
January 3, 2013
Serving with Ron Johnson
|Preceded by||Herb Kohl|
|Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference|
January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Patty Murray|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 2nd district
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Scott Klug|
|Succeeded by||Mark Pocan|
|Member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
from the 78th district
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1999
|Preceded by||David Clarenbach|
|Succeeded by||Mark Pocan|
Tammy Suzanne Green Baldwin
(1962-02-11) February 11, 1962
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Education||Smith College (BA)
University of Wisconsin–Madison (JD)
Tammy Suzanne Green Baldwin (born February 11, 1962) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Wisconsin since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, she previously served three terms in the Wisconsin Assembly, representing the 78th district, and from 1999 to 2013 represented Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives.
As a gay woman, Baldwin has made history several times through her electoral success. In 1998, she became the first woman elected to represent Wisconsin in Congress, and the first openly gay woman elected to Congress and the first openly LGBT non-incumbent elected to Congress. In 2012, Baldwin became the first openly gay person elected to the United States Senate and the first openly LGBT person elected to the United States Senate.
Baldwin defeated her Republican opponent, former Wisconsin Governor Tommy Thompson, in the 2012 United States Senate election in Wisconsin. She was reelected in 2018 by a landslide, defeating Republican nominee Leah Vukmir.
Early life, education and early political career
Baldwin was born and grew up in Madison, Wisconsin. Baldwin's mother, who died in 2017, was 19 and going through a divorce when Baldwin was born. Baldwin was raised by her grandparents and spent Saturdays with her mother, who suffered from mental illness and opioid addiction. Her maternal grandfather, biochemist David E. Green, was Jewish (the son of immigrants from Russia and Germany), and her maternal grandmother, who was Anglican, was English-born. Baldwin's aunt is biochemist Rowena Green Matthews; through her maternal grandfather, Baldwin is a third cousin of comedian Andy Samberg.
Baldwin graduated from Madison West High School in 1980 as the class valedictorian. She earned a B.A. degree from Smith College in 1984 and a J.D. degree from the University of Wisconsin Law School in 1989. She was a lawyer in private practice from 1989 to 1992.
Baldwin was first elected to political office in 1986 at the age of 24 when she was elected to the Dane County Board of Supervisors, a position she held until 1994. She also served one year on the Madison City Council to fill a vacancy in the coterminous district.
Wisconsin Assembly (1993–1999)
In 1992, Baldwin ran to represent Wisconsin's 78th Assembly District. She won the Democratic primary with 43% of the vote. In the general election, Baldwin defeated Mary Kay Baum (Labor and Farm Party nominee) and Patricia Hevenor (Republican Party nominee) by a vote of 59%-23%-17%. She was one of just six openly gay political candidates nationwide to win a general election in 1992.
Baldwin was the first openly lesbian member of the Wisconsin Assembly and one of a very few openly gay politicians in the country at the time. In 1993, Baldwin said she was disappointed by Democratic President Bill Clinton's support of the military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy. In early 1994, she proposed legalizing same-sex marriage in Wisconsin. In 1995, she proposed domestic partnerships in Wisconsin.
U.S. House of Representatives (1999–2013)
In 1998, U.S. Congressman Scott Klug of the 2nd District, based in Madison, announced he would retire, prompting Baldwin to run for the seat. She won the Democratic primary with a plurality of 37% of the vote. In the general election, she defeated Republican nominee Josephine Musser 53%-47%.
In 2000, Baldwin won reelection to a second term, defeating Republican John Sharpless 51%-49%, a difference of 8,902 votes. While she lost eight of the district's nine counties, she carried the largest, Dane County, with 55 percent of the vote—enough to give her the victory.
After the 2000 census, the 2nd District was made significantly more Democratic in redistricting. Baldwin won reelection to a third term in the newly redrawn 2nd District with 66% of the vote against Republican Ron Greer. In 2004, she beat Dave Magnum 63%-37%. She won a 2006 rematch against Magnum, again winning 63%-37%. In 2008, she defeated Peter Theron 69%-31%, and in 2010 she won a seventh term with 62% of the vote against Chad Lee.
U.S. Senate (2013–present)
Baldwin ran as the Democratic nominee against Republican nominee Tommy Thompson, who had formerly been governor and Secretary of Health and Human Services. She announced her candidacy on September 6, 2011, in a video emailed to supporters. She ran uncontested in the primary election, and spoke at the 2012 Democratic National Convention about tax policy, campaign finance reform, and equality in the United States.
She was endorsed by Democracy for America, and she received campaign funding from EMILY's List, the Gay & Lesbian Victory Fund, and LPAC. Baldwin was endorsed by the editorial board of The Capital Times, who wrote that "Baldwin's fresh ideas on issues ranging from job creation to health care reform, along with her proven record of working across lines of partisanship and ideology, and her grace under pressure mark her as precisely the right choice to replace retiring U.S. Sen. Herb Kohl."
Thompson claimed during his campaign that her "far left approach leaves this country in jeopardy."
The candidates had three debates, on September 28, October 18, and October 26. According to Baldwin's Federal Election Commission filings, she raised about $12 million, over $5 million more than her opponent.
On November 6, 2012, Baldwin became the first openly gay candidate to be elected to the U.S. Senate. Because of her 14 years in the House of Representatives, under Senate rules she had the highest seniority in her entering class of senators. She was succeeded in Congress by State Assemblyman Mark Pocan, who had earlier succeeded her in the state legislature.
Baldwin was featured in Time's November 19, 2012, edition, in the Verbatim section, where she was quoted as saying "I didn't run to make history" on her historic election. In a separate section, she was also mentioned as a new face to watch in the Senate.
- Committee on Appropriations
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Defense
- Subcommittee on Homeland Security
- Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
- Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
- Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, Innovation, and the Internet
- Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries, and Coast Guard
- Subcommittee on Space, Science, and Competitiveness
- Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
- Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
In October 2012, Baldwin described herself as a progressive in the mold of Robert M. La Follette. No two U.S. Senators from the same state vote differently as often as Baldwin and Ron Johnson do.
Baldwin is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus and the Afterschool Caucuses. According to a 2011 National Journal survey, she was among the most liberal members of the House. As of 2012, her voting record made her one of the most liberal members of Congress.
Economy and jobs
In a September 2015 radio interview, Baldwin said that she, the Pope, and Donald Trump all supported repeal of the carried interest tax loophole. Politifact stated that there was no record of the Pope weighing in on this particular tax break.
In October 2017, CBS News reported that the Freedom Partners, a Koch-funded group, had "launched a $1.6 million television and digital ad campaign" targeting Baldwin for her "stance on taxes." The ads charged her with having "voted for five trillion dollars in more taxes" and with having "supported higher income taxes, sales taxes – even energy taxes." One ad stated: "If Tammy Baldwin opposes tax reform, it's proof that she opposes jobs."
In October 2017, the editors of The Capital Times praised Baldwin and Bernie Sanders for their vocal opposition to a budget resolution that they believed would increase income inequality. Baldwin was described as "one of the budget's most ardent foes."
In November 2017, Baldwin expressed opposition to the Trump tax-reform bill, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, saying that it was being drafted "behind closed doors" and charging that it was being "shoved through." In its place, she promoted a bill, the Stronger Way Act, that she and Cory Booker (D-NJ) co-sponsored.
In February 2019, Baldwin, Roy Blunt, and Ron Wyden led nine other senators in sponsoring the Craft Beverage Modernization and Tax Reform Act, legislation imposing a reduction in excise taxes, compliance burdens, and regulations for brewers, cider makers, vintners, and distillers as part of an attempt to ensure the continued growth of the craft beverage industry.
In November 2013, Baldwin introduced a bill that would "bring greater government transparency, oversight and due process whenever authorities use information gathered for intelligence purposes to make domestic non-terrorism cases against Americans."
Baldwin described the mass shooting in Orlando, Florida, in June 2016 as a "hate crime" and said "The question now for America is are we going to come together and stand united against hate, gun violence and terrorism?"
In June 2013, Baldwin voted for S. 744, the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, which would have enabled undocumented immigrants to acquire legal residency status and, later, citizenship.
In 2017, immigration reduction advocacy group NumbersUSA gave Baldwin an overall grade of F, with a score of 11% on immigration bills. On the reduction of unnecessary worker visas, she scored a C; on the reduction of refugee and asylum fraud, and on the reduction of amnesty enticements, she scored F-.
She voted against building a fence on the U.S.-Mexico border in 2006.
Opposition to Iraq War
Baldwin was a vocal critic of the Iraq War. On October 10, 2002, she was among the 133 members of the House who voted against authorizing the invasion of Iraq. She warned there would be "postwar challenges," observing that "there is no history of democratic government in Iraq," that its "economy and infrastructure are in ruins after years of war and sanctions," and that rebuilding would take "a great deal of money." In 2005, she joined the Out of Iraq Caucus.
Impeachment of Dick Cheney and Alberto Gonzales
On August 1, 2007, Baldwin cosponsored H. Res. 333, a bill proposing articles of impeachment against Vice President Dick Cheney, and H Res. 589, a bill proposing the impeachment of Attorney General Alberto Gonzales. On January 20, 2008, Baldwin wrote in the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel that on December 14, 2007, "I joined with my colleagues on the House Judiciary Committee, Reps. Robert Wexler (D-Fla.) and Luis Gutierrez (D-Ill.), in urging Chairman Rep. John Conyers (D-Mich.) to conduct hearings on a resolution of impeachment now pending consideration in that committee." Although some constituents "say I have gone too far," others "argue I have not gone far enough" and feel "we are losing our democracy and that I should do more to hold the Bush administration accountable for its actions."
An outspoken advocate of single-payer, government-run universal health care system since her days as a state legislator, Baldwin introduced the Health Security for All Americans Act, which would have required states to provide such a system, in 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2005. The bill died each time it was introduced without a House vote.
She has said that she "believes strongly that a single-payer health system is the best way to comprehensively and fairly reform our health care system." In November 2009, Baldwin voted for the version of health-care reform that included a public option, a government-run health-care plan that would have competed with private insurers, but only the House passed that version. She ultimately voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, which became law in 2010. Baldwin said she hoped a public option in the ACA would lead to a single-payer system. The first version of the ACA Baldwin voted for included a public option, but the final version did not.
In 2009, Baldwin introduced the Ending LGBT Health Disparities Act (ELHDA), which sought to advance LGBT health priorities by promoting research, cultural competency, and non-discrimination policies. The bill was not passed.
In April 2017, Baldwin was one of five Democratic senators to sign a letter to President Trump warning that failure "to take immediate action to oppose the lawsuit or direct House Republicans to forgo this effort will increase instability in the insurance market, as insurers may choose not to participate in the marketplace in 2018" and that they remained concerned that his administration "has still not provided certainty to insurers and consumers that you will protect the cost-sharing subsidies provided under the law."
In April 2018, Baldwin was one of ten senators to sponsor the Choose Medicare Act, an expanded public option for health insurance that also increased Obamacare subsidies and rendered people with higher incomes eligible for its assistance.
In January 2019, during the 2018–19 United States federal government shutdown, Baldwin was one of 34 senators to sign a letter to Commissioner of Food and Drugs Scott Gottlieb recognizing the efforts of the FDA to address the shutdown's effect on public health and employees while remaining alarmed "that the continued shutdown will result in increasingly harmful effects on the agency’s employees and the safety and security of the nation’s food and medical products."
In February 2019, Baldwin was one of 11 senators to sign a letter to insulin manufactures Eli Lilly and Company, Novo Nordisk, and Sanofi about their increased insulin prices depriving patients of "access to the life-saving medications they need."
Resolution on 9/11 victims
Baldwin was one of 22 members of Congress to vote against a 2006 resolution honoring victims of the September 11 attacks on the fifth anniversary of 9/11. (The resolution passed 395-22.) Baldwin said she voted against the resolution because it also endorsed the Patriot Act and criticized illegal immigration.
Her vote received renewed attention in the 2012 U.S. Senate campaign when Tommy Thompson's campaign released an ad about it. Thompson said in a statement, "Wisconsin voters need to know that Congresswoman Tammy Baldwin put her extreme views above honoring the men and women who were murdered by the terrorists in the Sept. 11 attacks on our nation." The Baldwin campaign responded by saying Thompson's ad was a "dishonest attack that tries to suggest Tammy Baldwin opposes honoring the victims of the 9/11 terrorist attacks."
2016 U.S. presidential election
Handling of Veterans Affairs report
In January 2015, USA Today obtained a copy of a report by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs inspector general about the Tomah, Wisconsin Veterans Affairs medical facility. The report said that two physicians at the Tomah VA were among the biggest prescribers of opioids in a multistate region, raising "potentially serious concerns." Baldwin's office had received the report in August 2014 but did not take action until January 2015, when Baldwin called for an investigation after the Center for Investigative Reporting published details of the report, including information about a veteran who died from an overdose at the facility. A whistleblower and former Tomah VA employee learned that Baldwin's office had a copy of the report, and he repeatedly emailed Baldwin's office asking that she take action on the issue. Baldwin's office did not explain why they waited from August 2014 to January 2015 to call for an investigation. Baldwin was the only member of Congress who had a copy of the inspection report.
In February 2015, Baldwin fired her deputy state director over her handling of the VA report. The aide was offered but declined a severance deal that included a cash payout and a confidentiality agreement that would have required her to keep quiet. The aide filed an ethics complaint with the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. The complaint was dismissed as lacking merit. Baldwin said, "we should have done a better job listening to and communicating with another constituent with whom we were working on problems at the VA", and that she had started a review of why her office had failed to act on the report. As a result of the review, Baldwin fined her chief of staff, demoted her state director, and reassigned a veterans' outreach staffer. In November 2017, Baldwin co-sponsored legislation designed to strengthen opioid safety in the Department of Veterans Affairs.
In December 2018, Baldwin was one of 21 senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs Robert Wilkie calling it "appalling that the VA is not conducting oversight of its own outreach efforts" even though suicide prevention is the VA's highest clinical priority, and requesting that Wilkie "consult with experts with proven track records of successful public and mental health outreach campaigns with a particular emphasis on how those individuals measure success."
In December 2016, Baldwin was one of 17 senators to sign a letter to President-elect Trump asking him to fulfill a campaign pledge to bring down the cost of prescription drugs, stating their willingness "to advance measures to achieve this goal" and calling on Trump "to partner with Republicans and Democrats alike to take meaningful steps to address the high cost of prescription drugs through bold administrative and legislative actions."
In December 2017, Baldwin was one of six senators to sign a letter to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Minority Leader Chuck Schumer requesting their "help in ensuring the long-term sustainability of the 340B program", a Trump administration rule mandating that drug companies give discounts to health-care organizations presently serving large numbers of low-income patients.
In February 2017, Baldwin was one of eleven senators to sign a letter to United States Attorney General Jeff Sessions expressing their concern "about credible allegations that the Trump campaign, transition team, and Administration has colluded with the Russian government, including most recently the events leading to the resignation of Lieutenant General Michael Flynn as National Security Adviser." The senators requested the creation of "an independent Special Counsel to investigate collusion with the Russian government by General Flynn and other Trump campaign, transition and Administrative officials" in order to maintain "the confidence, credibility and impartiality of the Department of Justice".
In December 2018, after United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced the Trump administration was suspending its obligations in the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty in 60 days in the event that Russia continued to violate the treaty, Baldwin was one of twenty-six senators to sign a letter expressing concern over the administration "now abandoning generations of bipartisan U.S. leadership around the paired goals of reducing the global role and number of nuclear weapons and ensuring strategic stability with America's nuclear-armed adversaries" and calling on President Trump to continue arms negotiations.
In March 2018, Baldwin voted against tabling a resolution spearheaded by Bernie Sanders, Chris Murphy, and Mike Lee that would have required President Trump to withdraw American troops either in or influencing Yemen within the next 30 days unless they were combating Al-Qaeda.
In September 2016, Baldwin was one of 12 senators to sign a letter to President Obama asserting that the passage of the Trans-Pacific Partnership "in its current form will perpetuate a trade policy that advantages corporations at the expense of American workers" and that there would be an "erosion of U.S. manufacturing and middle class jobs, and accelerate the corporate race to the bottom" if provisions were not fixed.
In November 2018, Baldwin was one of 25 Democratic senators to cosponsor a resolution in response to findings of the Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change report and National Climate Assessment. The resolution affirmed the senators' acceptance of the findings and their support for bold action to address climate change.
In October 2018, Baldwin was one of 20 senators to sign a letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urging him to reverse the rolling back of a policy that granted visas to same-sex partners of LGBTQ diplomats who had unions that were not recognized by their home countries, writing that too many places around the world have seen LGBTQ individuals "subjected to discrimination and unspeakable violence, and receive little or no protection from the law or local authorities" and that refusing to let LGBTQ diplomats bring their partners to the US would be equivalent of upholding "the discriminatory policies of many countries around the world."
United States House of Representatives
|Democratic gain from Republican||Swing|
United States Senate
|Independent||Nimrod Allen, III||16,455||0.55%||N/A|
Baldwin is the granddaughter of biochemist David E. Green and the niece of another biochemist, Rowena Green Matthews. For fifteen years, Baldwin's domestic partner was Lauren Azar; in 2009, the couple registered as domestic partners in Wisconsin. They separated in 2010. Baldwin was baptized Episcopalian but considers herself "unaffiliated" with a religion.
- List of LGBT members of the United States Congress
- Women in the United States House of Representatives
- Women in the United States Senate
- Grinberg, Emanuella (November 7, 2012). "Wisconsin's Tammy Baldwin is first openly gay person elected to Senate". CNN. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Cogan, Marin (2007-12-20). "First Ladies". The New Republic. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
- "Tammy Baldwin: Openly gay lawmaker could make history in Wisconsin U.S. Senate race - Chicago Tribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- Bauer, Scott (May 1, 2018). "Tammy Baldwin talks about late mother's opioid addiction". Wisconsin State Journal. Associated Press. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
- Roehr, Bob (June 14, 2007). "Marriage activists mark Loving anniversary". The Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- "Scoop : People.com". Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- "Portraits of 14 new senators". Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- "Tammy Baldwin's Biography". TammyBaldwin.house.gov. Archived from the original on 2008-10-13. Retrieved 2006-12-06.
- "U.S. Congress Voting Record". Washington Post.
- Keen, Judy (November 7, 2012). "Profile: Wisconsin Sen.-elect Tammy Baldwin". USA Today. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 2003-2004,' Biographical Sketch of Tammy Baldwin, pg. 13
- "WI State House 78 - D Primary Race - Sep 08, 1992". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "WI State House 78 Race - Nov 03, 1992". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "AIDS, gay rights top agenda". The Telegraph-Herald. January 4, 1993.
- "WI State House 78 Race - Nov 08, 1994". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "WI State House 78 Race - Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "Baldwin disappointed with Clinton compromise". The Milwaukee Journal. July 20, 1993.
- Weintraub, Joanne (February 11, 1994). "Activist denounces move to legalize gay marriages". The Milwaukee Journal.
- "Lesbian can't adopt child". The Milwaukee Sentinel. June 9, 1994.
- "Benefits/ Mates gain coverage". The Milwaukee Journal. July 17, 1995.
- "JSOnline.com News Archives". Nl.newsbank.com. 1994-09-16. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "'Pre-emption bill' deserves to be shot down". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. April 3, 1995.
- "Former prisoners blast, laud prison 'boot camp'". The Telegraph-Herald. December 17, 1993.
- "WI - District 02 - D Primary Race - Sep 08, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "WI District 2 Race - Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "WI District 2 Race - Nov 07, 2000". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "WI District 2 Race - Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "WI - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 2004". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "WI - District 02 Race - Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "WI - District 02 Race - Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- "WI - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- Glauber, Bill (September 6, 2011). "Tammy Baldwin enters race for open Senate seat". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Huey-Burns, Caitlin (June 7, 2012). "Wisconsin's GOP Senate Hopefuls Cozy Up to Walker". Real Clear Politics. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
- "Tammy Baldwin at the 2012 Democratic National Convention". September 6, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Craver, Jack (September 5, 2012). "Can Tammy Win?". Capital Times. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
- "Baldwin offers integrity and independence". The Capital Times. October 24, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- Kiely, Eugene (October 23, 2012). "Smearing Tammy Baldwin in Wisconsin Senate Race". Fact Check. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
- "Wisconsin Senate Debate - C-SPAN Video Library". C-spanvideo.org. 2012-09-28. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- Stein, Jason & Lee Bergquist. "Baldwin, Thompson Spar on Their Records, Nation's Future". Jsonline.com. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- "Wisconsin Senate Debate - C-SPAN Video Library". C-spanvideo.org. 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "Wisconsin Senate Debate - C-SPAN Video Library". C-spanvideo.org. 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "Congressional Elections: Wisconsin Senate Race: 2012 Cycle". OpenSecrets. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- McCord, Quinn (September 25, 2012). "Seniority Report". National Journal. Archived from the original on January 9, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- "Verbatim", Time, p. 15, November 19, 2012
- "The Senate - A Few New Faces", Time, p. 18, November 19, 2012
- "Baldwin: i'm proud to be a progressive". Fdlreporter.com. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- Peters, Jeremy (January 17, 2014). "Two Senators Have Little but a State in Common". New York Times. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- "Vote Ratings 2010". National Journal. Atlantic Media. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- Vanden Heuvel, Katrina (April 29, 2009). "The Progressive Caucus and Obama". The Nation. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- Mihalcik, Carrie. "Most Liberal Members of Congress". National Journal. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- Grynbaum, Michael (November 9, 2012). "Fickle Wisconsin Sends a Trusty Progressive to the Senate". New York Times. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Kroll, Andy (August 15, 2012). "Can Tammy Baldwin Win Over Wisconsin?". Mother Jones. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Bergquist, Lee (2012-10-27). "Election 2012 - Baldwin's voting record places her among top liberals". Jsonline.com. Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- Kertscher, Tom. "Do Donald Trump, Pope Francis and Tammy Baldwin all agree on eliminating a tax break?". Politifact. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
- "How They Voted 2016". US Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- Guild, Blair. "Koch-backed group launches $1.6 million ad campaign against Tammy Baldwin". CBS News. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- "Editorial: Tammy Baldwin and Bernie Sanders fight economic inequality and fiscal irresponsibility". The Cap Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Torres, Ricardo. "Baldwin pushes back on tax reform". The Journal Times. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- "Want Fairer Workplaces? Give Employees Seats On The Board". April 6, 2018.
- "U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin Introduces Bipartisan Legislation to Help Wisconsin Craft Breweries Create Jobs and Grow Their Business". urbanmilwaukee.com. February 20, 2019.
- Shiffman, John. "Senator seeks disclosure of NSA role in non-terrorism domestic cases". Reuters. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Barrón-López, Laura. "First Openly Gay Senator Wants Everyone To Remember Orlando Massacre Was A Hate Crime". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "Wisconsin lawmakers react to mass shooting in Orlando". WKOW. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "Roll Call Vote 113th Congress - 1st Session". United States Senate. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- "Roll Call Vote 114th Congress - 2nd Session". United States Senate. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- "Sen. Tammy Baldwin's Immigration-Reduction Report Card". NumbersUSA. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "Tammy Baldwin on Immigration". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2019-02-13.
- "Tammy Baldwin (D-Wis.)". Washington Post. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Pincus, Walter. "Democrats Who Opposed War Move Into Key Positions". Washington Post.
- "Tammy Baldwin on War & Peace". OnTheIssues. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Tammy Baldwin (January 20, 2008). "Impeachment resolution a matter of accountability". JSOnline. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "H.R.4325 - Health Security for All Americans Act". Congress.gov. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "H.R.5269 - Health Security for All Americans Act". Congress.gov. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "H.R.4992 - Health Security for All Americans Act". Congress.gov. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Kertscher, Tom (August 26, 2012). "Tommy Thompson says U.S. Senate rival Tammy Baldwin wants to go "far beyond 'Obamacare'"". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 165". house.gov. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- Kristen Eckstrand; Jesse M. Ehrenfeld. February 2016. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Healthcare: A Clinical Guide to Preventive, Primary, and Specialist Care. Springer. pp. 429–. ISBN 978-3-319-19752-4.
- Hellmann, Jessie. "Dems ask Trump to drop lawsuit over ObamaCare insurer payments". The Hill.
- Baldwin, Tammy (September 12, 2017). "Baldwin: Why I support Medicare for all and other efforts to expand health coverage". Journal Sentinel. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- "Dem senators unveil expanded public option for health insurance". The Hill. April 18, 2018.
- "Democratic Senators "Alarmed" by Shutdown's Potential Impact on Food Safety". foodsafetymagazine.com. January 15, 2019.
- "Sen. Kaine calls on pharmaceutical companies to explain skyrocketing insulin prices". 13newsnow.com. February 5, 2019.
- Bergquist, Lee (2012-10-23). "Thompson ad attacks Baldwin on 9-11 vote". Jsonline.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- Joseph, Cameron (2001-09-11). "Thompson ad hits Baldwin on vote against 9/11 memorial - The Hill's Video". Thehill.com. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- Freddoso, David. "House votes to cut off funding, but 75 stand by ACORN". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
- Jaffe, Alexandra (October 30, 2013). "Run, Hillary, run, say Senate's Dem women". Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- Slack, Donovan (January 19, 2015). "Sen. Baldwin had Tomah VA report for months". Green Bay Press Gazette. Gannett Wisconsin. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Slack, Donovan (January 26, 2015). "Baldwin fires aide over Tomah VA report". Green Bay Press Gazette. Gannett. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Slack, Donovan (April 20, 2015). "Fired aide accuses Wis. senator of cover-up in vets' care case". USA Today. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Slack, Donovan (February 26, 2015). "Senator probes her own office's bungling on VA care". USA Today. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Glauber, Bill (November 15, 2017). "Tammy Baldwin introduces bipartisan bill to strengthen opioid safety in VA choice program". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- "U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin Presses VA for Answers on Misuse Of Suicide Prevention Funds". urbanmilwaukee.com. January 4, 2019.
- "Senate Dems, Sanders ask Trump to help lower drug prices". The Hill. December 20, 2016.
- Hellmann, Jessie (December 7, 2017). "Bipartisan group of senators seek to block Trump cuts to drug discount program". The Hill.
- Hensch, Mark (February 15, 2017). "Dem senators call for independent Flynn probe". The Hill.
- Mitchell, Ellen (December 13, 2018). "Senate Dems urge Trump to continue nuclear arms control negotiations after treaty suspension". The Hill.
- "Senate sides with Trump on providing Saudi military support". The Hill. March 20, 2018.
- "Anti-trade senators say chamber would be crazy to pass TPP". The Hill. September 29, 2016.
- "Merkley resolution urges quick climate change action". ktvz.com. November 27, 2018.
- Rodriguez, Jesus (October 11, 2018). "Democratic senators demand Pompeo reverse visa denials for LGBTQ diplomats' partners". Politico.
- "Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district election, 1998" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district election, 2000" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district election, 2002" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district election, 2004" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district election, 2006" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district election, 2008" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district election, 2010" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "2012 County-by-County Report" (PDF).
- Beinert, Helmut; Stumpf, Paul K.; Wakil, Salih J. (2004). "David Ezra Green". Biographical Memoirs. National Academies Press. 84.
- Emily Miller (June 4, 2010). "Lesbian Congresswoman Splits With Domestic Partner". Human Events.
- "Wis. congresswoman separates from longtime partner". WQOW. May 29, 2010.
- 608-252-6149, DOUG ERICKSON | Wisconsin State Journal | [email protected] |. "In the Spirit: When it comes to religious affiliation, Baldwin, Pocan 'unspecified'". madison.com. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
- "Members of Congress: Religious Affiliations | Pew Research Center". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
- Senator Tammy Baldwin official U.S. Senate site
- Tammy Baldwin for Senate campaign site
- Tammy Baldwin at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- "Federal Politics and Medical Practices", Presentation given by Baldwin at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, January 25, 2007
- "Health Care Reform in 2009? The View from Washington, DC", Presentation given by Baldwin at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, February 4, 2008
|Wisconsin State Assembly|
| Member of the Wisconsin Assembly
from the 78th district
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Wisconsin
| Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference
| United States Senator (Class 1) from Wisconsin
Served alongside: Ron Johnson
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Senators by seniority