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Tatsunami stable (立浪部屋, Tatsunami-beya) is a stable of sumo wrestlers, formerly the head of the Tatsunami ichimon or group of stables. As of January 2021 it had 18 wrestlers. Previously situated in sumo's heartland of Ryōgoku nearby the Kokugikan stadium, it is now located in Ibaraki Prefecture and alongside Shikihide stable is one of the furthest from Ryōgoku.
The stable is one of the most prestigious in sumo. It was founded in 1876 by Onigazaki, but the current incarnation dates from 1915. In the 1930s, led by former komusubi Midorishima (1878-1952), the stable produced the 35th yokozuna Futabayama, the 36th yokozuna Haguroyama and ōzeki Nayoroiwa, and ended the Dewanoumi stable's long period of dominance in sumo. Futabayama left to found his own stable in 1941. After Haguroyama married the previous stablemaster's daughter, he became the new head in December 1952 while still an active yokozuna. Haguroyama produced several strong wrestlers, including ōzeki Wakahaguro and sekiwake Annenyama. Annenyama in turn married Haguroyama's daughter and succeeded to the leadership of the stable upon his father-in-law's death in 1969.
Annenyama produced Asahikuni, an ōzeki in the 1970s, and sekiwake Kurohimeyama. Asahikuni retired in 1979 and left to found Ōshima stable in 1980, despite his stablemaster's opposition to the move. By the early 1980s the strength of the stable had declined and it was without any sekitori until Kitao was promoted to jūryō in 1984. Kitao became the 60th yokozuna Futahaguro in 1986, the first grand champion the Tatsunami ichimon had produced in decades, but at the end of 1987 Anneneyama and Futahaguro had a row which ended with the yokozuna kicking the elderly chairman of the stable's supporter group and pushing his stablemaster's wife as he stormed out. Futahaguro was forced to leave the Sumo Association as a result.
In the early 1990s the stable produced top division wrestlers such as komusubi Daishōhō and maegashira Daishōyama, both amateur champions from Nihon University. Asahiyutaka of Ōshima stable married Annenyama's daughter in 1995 and became the new head of Tatusnami when Annenyama reached the mandatory retirement age of 65 in 1999. However the two had a falling out and after Asahiyutaka was divorced, Annenyama sued him for 175 million yen as Asahiyutaka had obtained the Tatsunami elder name for free instead of having to pay the market value, although the award was reversed. Annenyama also attempted to evict Asahiyutaka from the stable premises.
In April 2011, the stable's last sekitori at that point, the Mongolian wrestler Mōkonami, was forced to retire after being found guilty of match-fixing. Tatsunami stayed five and a half years without any wrestlers in the top two professional divisions, before Meisei was finally promoted to jūryō after the September 2016 tournament. Meisei made the top division in July 2018. Another notable member is Hanakaze, who holds the distinction of having the longest career in the centuries long history of sumo, a career that began in 1986, one year before his current stablemaster.
The stable's success was reflected in its postwar status as the leading stable in its ichimon or group of stables, which was called Tatsunami-Isegahama ichimon until 2006, when it became simply Tatsunami ichimon (reflecting the decline of the old Isegahama stable under former ōzeki Kiyokuni's leadership). However, in 2012, due to the head coach voting against the ichimon's will in the Sumo Association's board elections, Tatsunami stable moved to the Takanohana ichimon. Tatsunami Ichimon then renamed itself Isegahama Ichimon in January 2013. Tatsunami stable went independent in 2018, but after the Sumo Association indicated that stables must belong to an ichimon, it aligned itself with the Dewanoumi group.
The stable's foreign recruit is Hōshōryū, the Mongolian nephew of former yokozuna Asashōryū, who joined the stable in November 2017 and made his first tournament appearance in January 2018. He became a sekitori in November 2019 and reached the top division in September 2020. The following tournament Akua became the fifth member of Tatsunami stable to reach the top division under the present stablemaster, following Ōhinode, Mokonami, Meisei and Hoshōryu.
Ring name conventions
Many wrestlers at this stable have taken ring names or shikona that end with the character 浪 (read: nami), which is the last character in the stable's name as well as the elder name of its last several owners. Examples include Kokuryunami and Taranami.
- 1999–present: 7th Tatsunami (iin, former komusubi Asahiyutaka)
- 1969-1999: 6th Tatsunami (former sekiwake Annenyama)
- 1952-1969: 5th Tatsunami (the 36th yokozuna Haguroyama)
- 1915-1952: 4th Tatsunami (former komusubi Midorishima)
Notable active wrestlers
- Meisei (best rank maegashira)
- Hōshōryū (best rank maegashira)
- Akua (best rank maegashira)
- Hanakaze (best rank sandanme)
Notable former members
- Futabayama (the 35th yokozuna)
- Haguroyama (the 36th yokozuna)
- Futahaguro (the 60th yokozuna)
- Nayoroiwa (former ōzeki)
- Wakahaguro (former ōzeki)
- Asahikuni (former ōzeki)
- Annenyama (former sekiwake)
- Kitanonada (former sekiwake)
- Tokitsuyama (former sekiwake)
- Kurohimeyama (former sekiwake)
- Mōkonami (former maegashira)
- Suiran (former makushita)
- 35th Kimura Shōnosuke (given name Jun'ichi Uchida - former chief referee)
- Kimura Tamajirō (sanyaku gyōji, real name Masashi Takeda)
- Kimura Toyohiko (sandanme gyōji, real name Taku Hasuma)
- Tokotatsu (1st class tokoyama)
Location and access
- List of sumo stables
- List of active sumo wrestlers
- List of past sumo wrestlers
- Glossary of sumo terms
- Gunning, John (16 January 2019). "Sumo 101: Stable locations and layout". Japan Times. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
- Sharnoff, Lora (1993). Grand Sumo. Weatherhill. ISBN 0-8348-0283-X.
- Haberman, Hlyde (2 Jan 1988). "Tokyo Journal:Wrestler Fails to Keep Hold on an Honorable Past". New York Times. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
- "Sumo head stung for elder rights". Japan Times. 2003-02-25. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- "Tatsunami Ichimon-no more". Sumo Forum. 10 April 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "Stablemaster Takanohana tenders resignation to Japan Sumo Association". The Mainichi. 25 September 2018. Archived from the original on 25 September 2018.
- "2020 November Grand Sumo Tournament Banzuke Topics". Japan Sumo Association. Archived from the original on 2 November 2020. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
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