Tennis at the Summer Olympics

Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis pictogram.svg
Governing body ITF
Events 5 (men: 2; women: 2; mixed: 1)
Games
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952
  • 1956
  • 1960
  • 1964
  • 1968
  • 1972
  • 1976
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

Tennis was part of the Summer Olympic Games program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the International Olympic Committee over how to define amateur players.[1][2] After two appearances as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984 (with a U-21 age limit),[3] it returned as a full medal sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics open for all players regardless of their age and status and has been played at every edition of the Games since then.[4]

2012 Women's Singles medalists, Serena Williams ( center), Maria Sharapova ( right) and Victoria Azarenka ( left).

In 1896, 1900, 1904, 1988, and 1992, semifinal losers shared bronze medals. In all other years, a playoff match for the bronze medal was staged.

In the past, results from the Olympics used to have ranking points that the ATP and WTA added to their players annual totals in singles for that calendar year. This occurred from the 2004 Athens until the 2012 London editions. No points were awarded for the editions prior and for the 2016 Rio Olympics. While the ranking points amount did not equate with those given at the Grand Slam tournaments, the Olympic tournaments have increased in perceived importance since their reintroduction, with some players, critics and sports pundits considering winning the gold at the Olympics just as prestigious as winning a Grand Slam title.[5][6]

Serena Williams and Venus Williams have each won a record four gold medals, three each as a doubles pairing, the only players to win the same Olympic event on three occasions. Kathleen McKane Godfree (one gold, two silvers, and two bronzes) and Venus Williams (four gold, one silver) are the all-time record holders for the most Olympic medals in tennis. Andy Murray is the only player to have won two singles gold medals, and the only singles player to have retained the Olympic title. Gigi Fernández and Mary Joe Fernández and Serena and Venus Williams achieved this feat in women’s doubles in 1992 and 1996, and 2008 and 2012 respectively.

A player who wins an Olympic gold medal and all four Grand Slam events in the same year is said to have won a Golden Slam. As of 2016, Steffi Graf is the only player to have completed this achievement.[7]

Surface

The playing surface of the court varies between Olympic Games. It has been on hard court for every game since 1984 except for the 1992 Olympics (which was on a clay court) and the 2012 Olympics (which was played on a grass court). The changing playing surface gives certain players different advantages and disadvantages not seen in most other Olympic sports.

Events

(d) = demonstration event, (e) = exhibition event

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28–64 68 72–80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's singles • • • • • • • (d, e) (d) • • • • • • • • • 16
Men's singles (indoor) • • 2
Men's doubles • • • • • • • (d, e) • • • • • • • • • 16
Men's doubles (indoor) • • 2
Women's singles • • • • • (d, e) (d) • • • • • • • • • 14
Women's singles (indoor) • • 2
Women's doubles • • (d, e) • • • • • • • • • 11
Mixed doubles • • • • (d, e) • • • 8
Mixed doubles (indoor) • 1
Total 2 4 2 6 8 5 5 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5
Surface 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28–64 68 72–80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Indoor • • 2
Outdoor • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 18
Carpet 0
Clay red • • • • • • • 7
Grass • • • 3
Hard • • • • • • • • 8
Wood • • 2

Champions and venues since 1988

Participating nations

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28–64 68 72–80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Algeria – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – 1 – – – 2
 Argentina – – – – – – 5 – 1 5 6 8 8 9 6 7 6 10
 Armenia – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1 1 – – – 3
 Australasia – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1
 Australia 1 2 – – – 1 2 – 3 6 7 7 10 7 8 6 10 10
 Austria – – – 3 3 – – – 2 3 5 1 3 1 3 3 2 11
 Bahamas – – – – – – – – – – 2 2 2 2 2 – – 5
 Barbados – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1
 Belarus – – – – – – – – – – – 2 4 2 5 3 2 6
 Belgium – – – – – 16 8 – – – 1 3 3 3 2 5 3 9
 Benin – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – 1
 Bermuda – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – 1
 Bohemia – 1 – 4 8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3
 Bolivia – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – 1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – 2 2
 Brazil – – – – – – – 1 1 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 7 10
 Bulgaria – – – – – – – – – 2 3 2 – 1 1 2 2 7
 Canada – – – 3 – – – – 2 7 5 6 4 2 3 5 4 10
 Chile – – – – – – 2 – – – 1 2 2 2 2 – 2 7
 China – – – – – – – – 1 2 5 4 3 4 8 4 5 9
 Chinese Taipei – – – – – – – – 1 – – 3 2 1 3 3 5 7
 Colombia – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 2 – 4 3 4
 Costa Rica – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – 1
 Ivory Coast – – – – – – – – – 1 – 2 – – – – – 1
 Croatia – – – – – – – – – – 2 4 5 5 1 2 4 7
 Cyprus – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – 1 – 2
 Czech Republic – – – – – – – – – – – 4 7 8 11 8 7 6
 Czechoslovakia – – – – – 7 5 – – 5 5 – – – – – – – 4
 Denmark – – – – 10 3 5 2 1 3 2 2 1 – 1 1 1 12
 Dominican Republic – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – 1 2
 Ecuador – – – – – – – 4 – – – 3 – – 1 – – 3
 El Salvador – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – 1
 Estonia – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 2 – – 2
 Finland – – – – – – 4 – 1 – – – – 1 1 1 – 5
 France 1 14 – 1 6 10 10 2 4 5 7 4 7 9 8 7 9 16
 Georgia – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 1 2
 Germany 1 – 1 5 7 – – – – – 6 3 5 4 2 7 8 11
 Great Britain 2 6 – 22 11 8 10 – 3 5 6 5 6 1 2 8 7 15
 Greece 7 – – – – 1 3 – 2 3 4 2 1 4 2 – – 10
 Haiti – – – – – – – – 1 1 – 1 1 – – – – 4
 Hong Kong – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – 1
 Hungary 1 – – 3 6 – 5 – – 2 1 5 5 4 2 2 2 12
 India – – – – – – 6 – 1 3 2 2 4 2 4 7 4 10
 Indonesia – – – – – – – – 1 3 5 2 2 2 – – – 6
 Ireland – – – – – – 4 – – 2 2 2 – – – – – 4
 Israel – – – – – – – – 1 4 1 – – 3 4 3 1 7
 Italy – – – – – 4 8 3 4 5 8 8 6 6 8 7 7 12
 Japan – – – – – 2 4 2 2 4 5 7 5 4 3 3 6 12
 Kazakhstan – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 2 2
 Latvia – – – – – – – – – – 2 – – – 1 – 1 3
 Liechtenstein – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1 2
 Lithuania – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1
 Luxembourg – – – – – – 1 – – – – 1 1 2 – 1 1 6
 Madagascar – – – – – – – – – – 2 2 – 1 – – – 3
 Mexico – – – – – – 2 6 1 5 4 3 2 – – – 2 8
 Moldova – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1
 Montenegro – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1
 Morocco – – – – – – – – 1 – 2 1 1 2 – – – 5
 Netherlands – – – 2 1 – 5 – 1 1 5 5 3 – – 2 3 10
 New Zealand – – – – – – – – – 3 – 1 – – 1 1 2 5
 Nigeria – – – – – – – – 1 3 – 1 – – – – – 3
 Norway – – – – 7 3 4 – – – 2 1 1 – – – – 6
 Paraguay – – – – – – – – – 2 2 – 1 – – 1 1 4
 Peru – – – – – – – – 3 – 2 – – 1 – – – 3
 Philippines – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – 1
 Poland – – – – – – – – – 1 3 2 – 2 6 7 7 7
 Portugal – – – – – – 1 – – – 2 2 2 – – – 2 5
 Puerto Rico – – – – – – – 3 1 – 2 – – 1 – – 1 5
 Romania – – – – – – 3 – – – 5 4 3 2 2 5 6 8
 Russia – – – – 2 – – – – – – 4 5 9 9 10 8 7
 Serbia and Montenegro – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – 1
 Serbia – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 6 6 3
 Slovakia – – – – – – – – – – – 5 5 7 4 4 3 6
 Slovenia – – – – – – – – – – 4 – 3 4 – 4 1 5
 South Africa – – – 3 3 5 4 – – – 6 6 5 – 2 – – 8
 Soviet Union – – – – – – – 4 – 7 – – – – – – – – 2
 South Korea – – – – – – – – 1 5 4 5 4 2 1 – – 7
 Spain – – – – – 4 8 3 2 4 6 7 7 11 9 12 9 12
 Sweden – – – 4 16 8 4 1 2 3 6 4 5 4 5 3 1 14
 Switzerland – – – – – 3 4 – 2 2 4 3 3 4 5 2 2 11
 Thailand – – – – – – – – – – 2 2 3 2 1 – 2 4
 Togo – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – 1
 Tunisia – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – 1 2 2 4
 Turkey – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1
 Ukraine – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 2 4 2 6 5
 Unified Team – – – – – – – – – – 5 – – – – – – – 1
 United States – 5 35 – 1 – 9 6 7 7 7 7 10 10 10 12 11 14
 Uruguay – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – 1 2
 Uzbekistan – – – – – – – – – – – 2 1 – 1 1 1 5
 Venezuela – – – – – – – – – – – 3 4 1 1 – – 4
 West Germany – – – – – – – 4 3 5 – – – – – – – – 3
 Yugoslavia – – – – – – 1 – 2 3 – – – – – – – – 3
 Zimbabwe – – – – – – – – 1 3 2 2 3 3 1 – – 7
Nations 6 4 2 10 14 14 27 15 34 38 48 55 52 52 48 44 56 —
Players 13 26 36 50 82 75 124 45 64 129 177 176 182 170 169 184 184 184 —
Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28–64 68 72–80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years

Medal tables

All years (1896–1924, 1988–2016)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 21 6 12 39
2  Great Britain (GBR) 17 14 12 43
3  France (FRA) 5 6 8 19
4  Russia (RUS) 3 3 2 8
5  South Africa (RSA) 3 2 1 6
6  Spain (ESP) 2 7 3 12
7  Germany (GER) 2 6 2 10
8  Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 0 4
9  Chile (CHI) 2 1 1 4
10  Mixed team (ZZX) 1 3 3 7
11  Australia (AUS) 1 1 3 5
12  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 2 4
13  Belarus (BLR) 1 0 1 2
 Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
 China (CHN) 1 0 1 2
 West Germany (FRG) 1 0 1 2
17  Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 1 0 0 1
19  Sweden (SWE) 0 3 5 8
20  Czech Republic (CZE) 0 3 4 7
21  Argentina (ARG) 0 2 4 6
22  Japan (JPN) 0 2 1 3
23  Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
 Netherlands (NED) 0 1 1 2
25  Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
 Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
 Romania (ROM) 0 1 0 1
28  Croatia (CRO) 0 0 3 3
29  Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 2 2
30  Australasia (ANZ) 0 0 1 1
 Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 1 1
 Bulgaria (BUL) 0 0 1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
 India (IND) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
 Serbia (SRB) 0 0 1 1
Totals (37 nations) 66 67 82 215

1988–2016

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 14 3 7 24
2  Russia (RUS) 3 3 2 8
3  Spain (ESP) 2 7 3 12
4  Germany (GER) 2 4 2 8
5  Great Britain (GBR) 2 2 0 4
 Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 0 4
7  Chile (CHI) 2 1 1 4
8  Australia (AUS) 1 1 3 5
9  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 1 3
10  Belarus (BLR) 1 0 1 2
 Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
 China (CHN) 1 0 1 2
13  Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 1 0 0 1
15  Czech Republic (CZE) 0 2 4 6
16  Argentina (ARG) 0 2 3 5
17  France (FRA) 0 2 2 4
18  Sweden (SWE) 0 1 2 3
19  Netherlands (NED) 0 1 0 1
 Romania (ROM) 0 1 0 1
 South Africa (RSA) 0 1 0 1
22  Croatia (CRO) 0 0 3 3
23  Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 2 2
24  Bulgaria (BUL) 0 0 1 1
 India (IND) 0 0 1 1
 Japan (JPN) 0 0 1 1
 Serbia (SRB) 0 0 1 1
Totals (27 nations) 34 34 42 110

1896–1924

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Great Britain (GBR) 15 12 12 39
2  United States (USA) 7 3 5 15
3  France (FRA) 5 4 6 15
4  South Africa (RSA) 3 1 1 5
5  Mixed team (ZZX) 1 3 3 7
6  Germany (GER) 1 2 1 4
7  Sweden (SWE) 0 2 3 5
8  Japan (JPN) 0 2 0 2
9  Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
10  Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
 Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
12  Australasia (ANZ) 0 0 1 1
 Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 1 1
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 0 1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
 Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
Totals (18 nations) 32 32 39 103

Multiple medal winners (1896–2016)

Rank Name Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States Venus Williams 4 1 0 5
2 United States Serena Williams 4 0 0 4
3 United Kingdom Reginald Doherty 3 0 1 4
4 United States Vincent Richards 2 1 0 3
United Kingdom Andy Murray 2 1 0 3
6 United Kingdom Laurence Doherty 2 0 1 3
United States Mary Joe Fernández 2 0 1 3
France Suzanne Lenglen 2 0 1 3
South Africa Charles Winslow 2 0 1 3
10 Spain Rafael Nadal 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom John Pius Boland 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Charlotte Cooper 2 0 0 2
United States Gigi Fernández 2 0 0 2
France André Gobert 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Arthur Gore 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Edith Hannam 2 0 0 2
Chile Nicolás Massú 2 0 0 2
United States Hazel Wightman 2 0 0 2
United States Helen Wills Moody 2 0 0 2
United States Beals Wright 2 0 0 2
21 United Kingdom Kathleen McKane Godfree 1 2 2 5
22 United Kingdom Charles Dixon 1 1 2 4
23 France Max Décugis 1 1 1 3
Chile Fernando González 1 1 1 3
Germany Steffi Graf 1 1 1 3
United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 1 1 1 3
27 United Kingdom Herbert Barrett 1 1 0 2
Russia Elena Dementieva 1 1 0 2
Switzerland Roger Federer 1 1 0 2
South Africa Harold Kitson 1 1 0 2
Germany Dorothea Köring 1 1 0 2
Australia Todd Woodbridge 1 1 0 2
Australia Mark Woodforde 1 1 0 2
United Kingdom Max Woosnam 1 1 0 2
35 United States Mike Bryan 1 0 2 3
36 Belarus Victoria Azarenka 1 0 1 2
France Marguerite Broquedis 1 0 1 2
United States Bob Bryan 1 0 1 2
United States Zina Garrison 1 0 1 2
United States Edgar Leonard 1 0 1 2
Czechoslovakia Miloš Mečíř 1 0 1 2
United States Jack Sock 1 0 1 2
43 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 0 2 2 4
Sweden Gunnar Setterwall 0 2 2 4
45 United Kingdom Harold Mahony 0 2 1 3
Spain Conchita Martínez 0 2 1 3
Czech Republic Jana Novotná 0 2 1 3
48 United Kingdom George Caridia 0 2 0 2
France Henri Cochet 0 2 0 2
United Kingdom Dorothy Holman 0 2 0 2
Greece Dionysios Kasdaglis 0 2 0 2
Japan Ichiya Kumagae 0 2 0 2
United States Robert LeRoy 0 2 0 2
France Yvonne Prévost 0 2 0 2
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual 0 2 0 2
Czech Republic Helena Suková 0 2 0 2
57 United States Alphonzo Bell 0 1 1 2
Sweden Sigrid Fick 0 1 1 2
Argentina Juan Martín del Potro 0 1 1 2
60 France Albert Canet 0 0 2 2
Sweden Stefan Edberg 0 0 2 2
Croatia Goran Ivanišević 0 0 2 2
United States Marion Jones 0 0 2 2
United Kingdom Arthur Norris 0 0 2 2
Bohemia Hedwiga Rosenbaumová 0 0 2 2

See also

References

  1. ^ Soltis, Greg (July 27, 2012). "Olympic Events Through History". LiveScience. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  2. ^ Williams, Wythe (July 27, 1928). "SOCCER AND TENNIS BARRED IN OLYMPICS". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  3. ^ "Olympic Tennis Event – History: Overview". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  4. ^ "2 More Olympic Games". The New York Times. October 2, 1981. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  5. ^ "Olympics or Slams – What's More Important For Tennis Players?". Let, Second Serve. July 12, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  6. ^ Paul Fein (September 20, 2012). "How Important Is an Olympic Gold Medal in Tennis?". World Tennis Magazine. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
  7. ^ Tignor, Steve (30 July 2015). "1988: Steffi Graf wins the Golden Slam". Tennis.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017.

External links

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