Tréguier

Tréguier
Landreger
Entrance of the old town
Entrance of the old town
Coat of arms of Tréguier
Location of Tréguier
Tréguier is located in France
Tréguier
Tréguier
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Tréguier is located in Brittany
Tréguier
Tréguier
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Coordinates: 48°47′09″N 3°13′52″W / 48.7858°N 3.2311°W / 48.7858; -3.2311Coordinates: 48°47′09″N 3°13′52″W / 48.7858°N 3.2311°W / 48.7858; -3.2311
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Côtes-d'Armor
Arrondissement Lannion
Canton Tréguier
Intercommunality Lannion-Trégor Communauté
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Guirec Arhant
Area
1
1.52 km2 (0.59 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
2,401
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
22362 /22220
Elevation 0–66 m (0–217 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Tréguier (French pronunciation: [tʁegje] (About this soundlisten); Breton: Landreger) is a port town in the Côtes-d'Armor department in Brittany in northwestern France. It is the capital of the province of Trégor.

Geography

On the Jaudy stream

Tréguier is located 36 m. N.W. of Saint-Brieuc by road. The port is situated about 5½ m. from the English Channel at the confluence of two streams that form the Tréguier River.[2]

History

Tréguier (Trecorum), which dates from the sixth century, grew up round a monastery founded by Saint Tudwal (died c. 564). In the 9th century it became the seat of a bishopric, suppressed on July 12, 1790 (decree of November 14, 1789). Pop. (1906), 2605.[2]

Population

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 3,064 —    
1800 2,604 −15.0%
1806 2,795 +7.3%
1821 3,080 +10.2%
1831 3,178 +3.2%
1836 3,079 −3.1%
1841 3,382 +9.8%
1846 3,798 +12.3%
1851 3,008 −20.8%
1856 3,472 +15.4%
1861 3,598 +3.6%
1866 3,643 +1.3%
1872 3,815 +4.7%
1876 3,611 −5.3%
1881 3,125 −13.5%
1886 3,193 +2.2%
1891 2,763 −13.5%
1896 3,051 +10.4%
1901 3,297 +8.1%
1906 3,028 −8.2%
1911 2,973 −1.8%
1921 3,040 +2.3%
1926 3,019 −0.7%
1931 3,013 −0.2%
1936 3,090 +2.6%
1946 2,992 −3.2%
1954 3,432 +14.7%
1962 2,885 −15.9%
1968 3,059 +6.0%
1975 3,257 +6.5%
1982 3,130 −3.9%
1990 2,799 −10.6%
1999 2,679 −4.3%
2008 2,659 −0.7%

Inhabitants of Tréguier are called trécorrois in French.

Breton language

In 2008, 11.78% of primary school children attended bilingual schools.[3]

History

Count Stephen of Tréguier was the second Earl of Richmond, inheriting the British peerage created by William the Conqueror for his second cousin Alan Rufus.

The United States Navy established a naval air station on 1 November 1918 to operate seaplanes during World War I. The base closed shortly after the First Armistice at Compiègne.[4]

Sights

Cathedral St Tugdual
Statue of Ernest Renan in the town square

The cathedral, remarkable in having three towers over the transept, one of which is surmounted by a fine spire, dates from the 14th and 15th centuries. It contains the sumptuous modern mausoleum of Ivo of Kermartin (St Yves; died 1303), a canon of the cathedral and patron saint of lawyers. The building of the cathedral was largely due to him.[2] The Pardon of Saint Ivo, a religious festival, attracts an international audience drawn from the legal profession. To the south of the church there is a cloister (1468) with graceful arcades.

Near the cathedral there is a statue of Ernest Renan, a native of the town.[2] As he was a prominent skeptic, author of the "pagan" Prayer on the Acropolis, the 1903 unveiling of Renan's statue, which also included a depiction of the goddess Athena, led to widespread protests from the Catholic Church. The town also houses the Renan birthplace museum. A notable war memorial, the Pleureuse de Tréguier, was designed by Francis Renaud. A commemorative memorial to Anatole Le Braz by Armel Beaufils is in the jardin du poète.

The port and harbour are picturesque, containing many pretty waterfront restaurants and crêperies. There are dramatic views of the quayside.

Economy

In the past, saw-milling, boat-building and flaxstripping were carried on, together with trade in cereals, cloth, potatoes, etc. The port carried on fishing and a coasting and small foreign trade.[2]

Religious festivals

Tro Breizh (Breton for "Tour of Brittany") is a Catholic pilgrimage that links the towns of the seven founding saints of Brittany, including Tréguier, Saint Tudwal's town.

The Pardon of Saint Yves is a major event. As Yves is patron saint of the legal profession, it attracts Catholic lawyers and judges from all over the world.

Personalities

Tréguier was the birthplace of:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Tréguier". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 238.
  3. ^ (in French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue
  4. ^ Van Wyen, Adrian O. (1969). Naval Aviation in World War I. Washington, D.C.: Chief of Naval Operations. p. 88.

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