Transcaucasian Commissariat

Transcaucasian Commissariat
Закавказский Комиссариат
Zakavkazskij Komissariat
Autonomy of Russia
Capital Tiflis (now Tbilisi)
 • Type Commissariat
• 1917–1918
Evgeni Gegechkori
• Established
11 November 1917
22 April 1918
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Special Transcaucasian Committee
Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic

The Transcaucasian Commissariat was established at Tbilisi on 11 November 1917, as the first government of the independent Transcaucasia following the October Revolution in Petrograd. The Commissariat decided to strengthen the GeorgianArmenianAzerbaijani union by convoking a Diet or general assembly (Sejm) in January 1918.[1][2]It declared independence from Soviet Russia and formed the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic after being faced with the threat of being overrun by the Ottoman invasion.

The project of changing the internal borders of the Transcaucasian Territory, which was proposed in 1917 by the Special Commission under the Ministry of Internal Affairs established by the Provisional Government.


Peace talks were initiated with the Ottoman Empire in March 1918, but broke down quickly as the Ottoman refused to accept the authority of the Commissariat. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which ended Russia's involvement in the First World War, conceded parts of the Transcaucasus to the Ottoman Empire, who continued their invasion of the region in order to take control of the territory. Faced with this imminent threat, the TDFR was proclaimed as an independent state on 22 April 1918. Further negotiations began immediately with the Ottoman, which recognized the state.

See also


  1. ^ Richard Pipes, The formation of the Soviet Union, page 103.
  2. ^ Swietochowski, Tadeusz (1985). Russian Azerbaijan, 1905–1920: The Shaping of a National Identity in a Muslim Community. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 106. ISBN 0-521-26310-7. Retrieved July 9, 2010.