Union of Communist Militants

Union of Communist Militants

اتحاد مبارزان کمونیست
Founder Mansoor Hekmat
Founded 1979
Dissolved 1983
Succeeded by Communist Party of Iran
Ideology Maoism[1]
Political position Far-left

Union of Communist Militants (Persian: اتحاد مبارزان کمونیست‎, abbreviated EMK امک) was an Iranian communist group. It was led by Mansoor Hekmat. Hekmat founded the group in December 1978. The organization took part in the Iranian Revolution of 1979 — marked by the creation of workers' councils (shoras).

Because of mounting repression in Iran, the organisation sought refuge in Kurdistan in 1981. In Kurdistan, the organization merged with a Kurdish group of Maoist roots, Komalah. Together, they formed the Communist Party of Iran (CPI) in September 1983.[2]


  1. ^ Mirsepassi, Ali (2004), The Tragedy of the Iranian Left, RoutledgeCurzon, Table 10.2 Characteristics of principal secular left-wing organizations, 1979–83
  2. ^ Mansoor Hekmat, Selected Works. London: Mansoor Hekmat Foundation, 2002. p. 73-74.

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