Valentina Visconti, Queen of Cyprus

Valentina Visconti
Queen consort of Cyprus
Tenure 1378–1382
Born ca. 1357
Milan, Italy
Died bef. September 1393 (aged 36)
Cyprus
Spouse
(m. 1376; died 1382)
House Visconti
Father Bernabò Visconti
Mother Beatrice Regina della Scala

Valentina Visconti (ca. 1357 – before September 1393) was Queen consort of Cyprus and titular Queen consort of Jerusalem by marriage to Peter II of Cyprus. She was the daughter of Bernabò Visconti and his wife Beatrice Regina della Scala.

Life

Valentina was born in Milan and was the eleventh of seventeen children of a cruel and ruthless despot, and an implacable enemy of the Catholic Church.

Queen of Cyprus

In 1363, King Peter I of Cyprus was visiting Milan, Valentina's father Bernabò promised Peter that his daughter would marry Peter's son the future Peter II of Cyprus. The first choice of Peter's marriage would have been to a daughter of John V Palaiologos; this suggestion was rejected for political reasons, since the Latins did not encourage the marriage of Peter to a Greek princess. The justification that was given to the Palaiologos messengers was that the king was busy with the dangers that threatened Cyprus because of the Genoese invasion of the island.

In 1373, Valentina was about to leave to Milan for Cyprus to marry Peter, but the wedding had to be postponed because of fighting between Cyprus and the Genoese.

In September 1377, the marriage was performed by proxy.[1] The bride left Milan the following year.

Peter and Valentina had one daughter who died at the age of two in Nicosia in 1382.[2]

It is known that Valentina did not get along with her mother-in-law Eleanor of Aragon[3] due to her being involved in many issues and scandals.

To prevent more problems between the two Peter had Eleanor sent back to her homeland of Catalonia, which she protested.

Widowhood

On 13 October 1382, Valentina was widowed. She quarrelled with her mother-in-law, eventually expelling her from court. After her husband died, she attempted to seize the crown of Cyprus for herself. Her death is reported in a letter from Queen Helvis of Cyprus to the Duke of Milan which arrived 12 September 1393.[4]

References

  1. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "Visconti 2". Genealogy.EU.[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "Poitou 3". Genealogy.EU.[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Cawley, Charles, MILAN, Medieval Lands, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ Osio, L. (1864/72). Doc. diploma. tratti degli archivio Milan, Vol. II, p. 115.

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