Veikkausliiga

Veikkausliiga
Veikkausliigan logo.svg
Founded 1990
Country Finland
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams 12
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Ykkönen
Domestic cup(s) Finnish Cup
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
UEFA Europa Conference League
Current champions HJK
(2020)
Most championships HJK Helsinki (30)
TV partners IS Extra, Ruutu+, Nelonen, Jim
Website Veikkausliiga
Current: 2020 Veikkausliiga
Finnish football league structure

Veikkausliiga (Tier 1)
Ykkönen (Tier 2)
Kakkonen (Tier 3)
Kolmonen (Tier 4)
Nelonen (Tier 5)
Vitonen (Tier 6)
Kutonen (Tier 7)
Seiska (Tier 8)

Veikkausliiga (Swedish: Tipsligan) is the premier division of Finnish football, the highest tier of the Finnish football league structure, comprising the top 12 clubs of the country. Its main sponsor is the Finnish national betting agency Veikkaus, hence the league's name. Veikkausliiga was founded in 1990; before that the top division was called Mestaruussarja (championship series) since 1930 which was an amateur or semi-professional league. Between 1908 and 1930 the championship was decided as a knock-out cup competition.

Structure

During the 1990 and 1991 seasons the Veikkausliiga was played under the name "Futisliiga" (Swedish: Fotbollsligan).[1]

As with certain other cold-climate European countries, league matches in Finland are played in summer, with a schedule usually from April to October. The format and number of teams has changed frequently. As of 2020 there are 12 teams, which first face the other teams two times. After the two rounds, the league is divided into championship group (6 teams) and challenge group (6 teams), and both groups play a single series of five further matches. At the end of the season, the last team is relegated to Ykkönen, whose winner is promoted to Veikkausliiga, and the second last team plays a two-leg play-off versus the Ykkönen runner-up.

In 2010 the average annual salary with fringe benefits for a league player was 24,400 euros.[2] Veikkausliiga is a founding member of the European Professional Football Leagues association.[3]

Clubs

The Veikkausliiga clubs in the 2020 season are presented in the table below. Number of seasons includes seasons played in Veikkausliiga and preceding Mestaruussarja and seasons of predecessor teams after season 2019. In the case of mergers, the seasons of the predecessor with the most seasons are counted.

Club
City Stadium Capacity 2019 position Number of
seasons*
FC Haka Valkeakoski Tehtaan kenttä 3,516 10th 62
FC Honka Espoo Tapiolan Urheilupuisto 4,100 4th 11
FC Inter Turku Veritas Stadion 9,372 2nd 23
FC Lahti Lahti Lahden kisapuisto 4,000 6th 47
HIFK Helsinki Telia 5G -areena 10,770 8th 33
HJK Helsinki Telia 5G -areena 10,770 1st 81
IFK Mariehamn Mariehamn Wiklöf Holding Arena 1,650 9th 15
Ilves Tampere Tammela Stadion 5,050 5th 38
KuPS Kuopio Savon Sanomat Areena 5,000 3rd 63
KTP Kotka Arto Tolsa Areena 4,200 2nd in Ykkönen
SJK Seinäjoki OmaSP Stadion 6,000 7th 9
AC Oulu Oulu Raati Stadion 4,392 1st in Ykkönen

Former clubs

Club Home town Seasons
AC Allianssi Vantaa 2002–2005
AC Oulu Oulu 2007, 2010
Atlantis FC Helsinki 2001
FC Hämeenlinna Hämeenlinna 2002–2004
FC Jazz1 Pori 1991–2004
FC Jokerit Helsinki 1999–2001, 2003
FC KooTeePee Kotka 2003–2008
FC Kuusysi2 Lahti 1990–1995
FC Oulu Oulu 1992, 1994
FC Viikingit Helsinki 2007
FinnPa Helsinki 1993–1998
JJK Jyväskylä 2009–2013, 2017
KPV Kokkola 1990, 2019
Kumu Kuusankoski 1990
MP Mikkeli 1990–1996
MyPa Kouvola 1992–2014
OTP Oulu 1990–1991
PK-35 Helsinki 1998, 2016
Ponnistus Helsinki 1995
Reipas2 Lahti 1990–1991
TPV Tampere 1993–1995, 1999
Tampere United3 Tampere 2000–2010
TP-Seinäjoki Seinäjoki 1997
TP-47 Tornio 2004–2005
VPS Vaasa 1995-2002, 2006-2019

1) FC Jazz was formerly known as PPT (Porin Pallotoverit).
2) Kuusysi and Reipas merged their professional teams in 1996 to form FC Lahti. Kuusysi returned to Kakkonen in 2011 under the name Lahti Akatemia, while Reipas returned to Kolmonen one year later.
3) Tampere United was formed in 1998 after it inherited the place of FC Ilves. Tampere United was dissolved in 2011 and Ilves, which in the meantime had bought the place of KooVee in second division, got promoted back to the highest league in 2015.

Veikkausliiga 1990–present

Performance

Performance by club

The following clubs have won:

Finnish Championship Cup Competition (1908–1929)
Mestaruussarja (1930–1989)
Veikkausliiga (1990–present)

30 clubs have been Champions.

Club Titles Runners-up Winning Years
HJK
30
14
1911, 1912, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1923, 1925, 1936, 1938, 1964, 1973, 1978, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017, 2018, 2020
FC Haka
9
7
1960, 1962, 1965, 1977, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2004
HPS
9
6
1921, 1922, 1926, 1927, 1929, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1957
TPS
8
12
1928, 1939, 1941, 1949, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1975
HIFK
7
7
1930, 1931, 1933, 1937, 1947, 1959, 1961
KuPS
6
11
1956, 1958, 1966, 1974, 1976, 2019
FC Kuusysi
5
4
1982, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1991
Kiffen
4
1913, 1915, 1916, 1955
ÅIFK
3
5
1910, 1920, 1924
Reipas Lahti
3
3
1963, 1967, 1970
VIFK
3
2
1944, 1946, 1953
Tampere United
3
2001, 2006, 2007
VPS
2
5
1945, 1948
KTP
2
1951, 1952
OPS
2
1979, 1980
FC Jazz
2
1993, 1996
MyPa
1
5
2005
FC Inter Turku
1
4
2008
SJK
1
1
2015
PUS
1
1
1909
Sudet Vyborg
1
1
1940
KPV
1
1
1969
FC Ilves
1
1
1983
Unitas
1
1908
HT
1
1942
Ilves-Kissat
1
1950
Pyrkivä Turku
1
1954
TPV
1
1994
IFK Mariehamn
1
2016

Top scorers

Individual all-time records

See also

References

External links

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