Velhas Conquistas

Goa at its height under Portuguese occupation. The Velhas Conquistas are highlighted in red.

As Velhas Conquistas or "the Old Conquests" are a grouping of the areas in Goa which were incorporated into the Portuguese East Indies in the early half of the sixteenth century AD; these would later come to be known as Estado da India (Portuguese India), comprising the last remaining possessions in Goa and Damaon, Macao& Timor Leste after large territorial losses.

Over the course of nearly five centuries of European rule, these areas underwent urbanisation and they were elevated to concelhos (municipalities) by the Portuguese Viceroyalty that ruled from the administrative centre at Velha Goa. Having been acquired in AD 1510 or within the next few years, they formed the oldest parts and the core of Portuguese Goa and remain the central theme in the history, geography, and culture of present-day Goa and Damaon. The Novas Conquistas or New Conquests are the outer periphery of Goa, surrounding Velha Conquistas and bordering the erstwhile British India, including the Silvassa exclave of Damaon, Diu& Silvassa territory. Novas Conquistas of present-day Goa shares borders with the Konkan province of Maharashtra, and also with Belgaum and North Canara districts of Carnataca.

The three concelhos of the territory are Bardes (Bardez), Ilhas de Goa (Tiswadi), and Salcette (modern-day Salcete and Mormugao talukas). When writing postal addresses, Velhas Conquistas is abbreviated to "VC".

Technically and historically the enclaves of Damaon and Diu Island which were settled by the Portuguese in 1523 AD are also part of the Old Conquests, however in layman's terms and contemporary contexts Velhas Conquistas is taken to mean the westernmost and central portions of Goa, particularly the environs and neighbouring towns of the centuries-old city and capital of Ponnje. The Old Conquests are also the most socio-economically developed areas of Goa.

See also