Vence

Vence
View of Vence. In the background, the Mediterranean Sea.
View of Vence. In the background, the Mediterranean Sea.
Coat of arms of Vence
Location of Vence
Vence is located in France
Vence
Vence
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Vence is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Vence
Vence
Show map of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Coordinates: 43°43′25″N 7°06′51″E / 43.7236°N 7.1142°E / 43.7236; 7.1142Coordinates: 43°43′25″N 7°06′51″E / 43.7236°N 7.1142°E / 43.7236; 7.1142
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Grasse
Canton Vence
Intercommunality Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Regis Lebigre[1]
Area
1
39.23 km2 (15.15 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
18,670
 • Density 480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Vençois
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
06157 /06140
Elevation 40–1,033 m (131–3,389 ft)
(avg. 325 m or 1,066 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Vence (French pronunciation: ​[vɑ̃s]; Occitan: Vença) is a commune set in the hills of the Alpes Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France between Nice and Antibes.

Ecclesiastical history

The first known Bishop of Vence is Severus, bishop in 439 and perhaps as early as 419.

Among others are: Veranus, son of St. Eucherius, Archbishop of Lyon and a monk of Lérins, bishop before 451 and at least until 465; St. Lambert, first a Benedictine monk (died 1154); Cardinal Alessandro Farnese (1505–11).

Antoine Godeau, Bishop of Grasse, was named Bishop of Vence in 1638; the Holy See wished to unite the two dioceses. Meeting with opposition from the chapter and the clergy of Vence Godeau left Grasse in 1653, to remain Bishop of Vence, which see he held until 1672.

The diocese of Nice now unites the three former Dioceses of Nice, Grasse and Vence.

A pizzeria operated from the back of a van in the centre of Vence.

Sights

Within the historic village, a medieval walled village, there are numerous interesting sights and monuments. The Peyra Gate was remodelled in 1810. The fountain was rebuilt in 1822 replacing an older one dating from 1578. Nearby is an ash tree, donated by François I and planted in 1538. The castle is today the Fondation Émile Hugues, a modern and contemporary art museum. The cathedral was built in the 4th century on the site of a Roman temple. The stone of the western façade dates from 239. Another, on the right, was engraved in December 220. Other stones in the external walls represent funerary dedications. Also on the western side of the church, the Pierre du Tauroble evokes the cult of Cybele and also the Great mother of the Gods of Mount Ida. A chapel in the cathedral has a mosaic by Marc Chagall, dated 1979. The rue des Portiques is a section of the old Roman road.[3]

The town has a small chapel, up above the Cité Historique Chapelle du Rosaire (1948, completed in 1951), decorated with stained glass and other fittings by Henri Matisse, who owned a home in the village towards the end of his life.

Vence is famous for its spring water, which can be collected from numerous fountains in the town.

International relations

Vence is twinned with the market town of Stamford, Lincolnshire.

Personalities

Population

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,615 —    
1800 2,657 +1.6%
1806 3,020 +13.7%
1821 3,045 +0.8%
1831 3,612 +18.6%
1836 3,156 −12.6%
1841 3,165 +0.3%
1846 3,101 −2.0%
1851 2,974 −4.1%
1856 2,733 −8.1%
1861 2,710 −0.8%
1866 2,755 +1.7%
1872 2,828 +2.6%
1876 2,770 −2.1%
1881 2,761 −0.3%
1886 2,903 +5.1%
1891 3,103 +6.9%
1896 3,043 −1.9%
1901 3,124 +2.7%
Year Pop. ±%
1906 3,208 +2.7%
1911 3,498 +9.0%
1921 3,090 −11.7%
1926 4,192 +35.7%
1931 4,876 +16.3%
1936 5,495 +12.7%
1946 5,685 +3.5%
1954 6,278 +10.4%
1962 7,874 +25.4%
1968 9,420 +19.6%
1975 11,385 +20.9%
1982 13,119 +15.2%
1990 15,330 +16.9%
1999 16,982 +10.8%
2008 19,247 +13.3%
2010 19,281 +0.2%
2012 19,241 −0.2%
2014 18,536 −3.7%

Education

Nursery schools

  • École Maternelle lei bigaradie
  • École Maternelle du Signadour
  • École Maternelle de l'ouest

Primary schools

  • École primaire du Suve
  • École primaire Saint-Michel
  • École primaire Toreille
  • École primaire Chagall
  • École Célestin Freinet

Grammar school

  • Collège La Sine

High school

  • Lycée Henri Matisse.

See also

References

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Itinéraire découverte de la Cité Historique, Office de Tourisme de Vence 2011

External links

Media related to Vence at Wikimedia Commons

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