Voiced bilabial plosive

Voiced bilabial plosive
b
IPA Number 102
Encoding
Entity (decimal) b
Unicode (hex) U+0062
X-SAMPA b
Braille ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
Audio sample
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The voiced bilabial plosive or stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨b⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is b. The voiced bilabial stop occurs in English, and it is the sound denoted by the letter ⟨b⟩ in obey [obeɪ] (obeI).

Features

Features of the voiced bilabial stop:

Varieties

IPA Description
b plain b
labialised
b̜ʷ semi-labialised
b̹ʷ strongly labialised
palatalised
breathy voiced
velarised

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe бгъу/bġ° About this sound[bʁʷə]  'nine'
Arabic Standard[1] باب‎/baab/bāb [baːb] 'door' See Arabic phonology
Assyrian ܒܒܐ baba [baːba] 'father'
Armenian Eastern[2] բարի/bari About this sound[bɑˈɾi]  'kind'
Basque bero [beɾo] 'hot'
Bengali লো/balo [bɔlo] 'say!' Contrasts with aspirated form. See Bengali phonology
Catalan[3] bèstia [ˈbɛstiə] 'beast' See Catalan phonology
Chinese Southern Min / ban [ban] 'Fujian province' Only in colloquial speech.
Wu / bi [bi] 'skin'
Xiang / baw [bau] 'to float'
Czech bota [ˈbota] 'boot' See Czech phonology
Dutch[4] boer [buːr] 'farmer' See Dutch phonology
English aback About this sound[əˈbæk] 'aback' See English phonology
Esperanto batalo [baˈtalo] 'war' See Esperanto phonology
Filipino buto [buto] 'bone'
French[5] boue [bu] 'mud' See French phonology
Georgian[6] ავშვი/ bavšvi [ˈbavʃvi] 'child'
German aber About this sound[ˈäːbɐ] 'but' See Standard German phonology
Greek μπόχα / bócha [ˈbo̞xa] 'reek' See Modern Greek phonology
Gujarati ક્રી/bakri [bəkri] 'goat' See Gujarati phonology
Hebrew בית‎/báyit [bajit] 'house' See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hindi बाल / bāl [bäːl] 'hair' Contrasts with aspirated version ⟨भ⟩. See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hungarian baba [ˈbɒbɒ] 'baby' See Hungarian phonology
Italian[7] bile [ˈbile] 'rage' See Italian phonology
Japanese[8] / ban [baɴ] '(one's) turn' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian бгъуы/bg"uy About this sound[bʁʷə]  'nine'
Korean 지붕 / jibung [t͡ɕibuŋ] 'roof' See Korean phonology
Kurdish Northern bav [bɑːv] 'father' See Kurdish phonology
Central باوک/bâwk [bɑːwk]
Southern باوگ/bâwig [bɑːwɨg]
Luxembourgish[9] geblosen [ɡ̊əˈbloːzən] 'blown' More often voiceless [p].[9] See Luxembourgish phonology
Macedonian убав/ubav [ˈubav] 'beautiful' See Macedonian phonology
Malay baru [bäru] 'new'
Maltese għatba [aːtˈba] 'threshold'
Marathi टाटा / baṭāṭā [bəˈʈaːʈaː] 'potato' See Marathi phonology
Nepali बाटो / bāṭo [bäʈo] 'path' See Nepali phonology
Norwegian bål [ˈbɔːl] 'bonfire' See Norwegian phonology
Odia ବା/barô [bärɔ] 'twelve' Contrasts with aspirated form.
Persian خوب‎/ xub [xub] 'good' See Persian phonology
Pirahã pibaóí [ˈpìbàóí̯] 'parent'
Polish[10] bas About this sound[bäs]  'bass' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[11] bato [ˈbatʊ] 'I strike' See Portuguese phonology
Punjabi ਬਿੱਲੀ/billī [bɪlːi] 'cat'
Romanian[12] bou [bow] 'bull' See Romanian phonology.
Russian[13] рыба/ryba [ˈrɨbə] 'fish' Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian[14] биће / biće [bǐːt͡ɕě] 'creature' See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovak b [bi̞c̟] 'to be'
Spanish[15] invertir [ĩmbe̞ɾˈt̪iɾ] 'to invest' See Spanish phonology
Swedish bra [ˈbɾɑː] 'good' May be an approximant in casual speech. See Swedish phonology
Thai ัด/bam-bàt [bam.bat̚] 'therapy' See Thai phonology
Turkish bulut [ˈbuɫut̪] 'cloud' See Turkish phonology
Tyap bai [bai] 'to come'
Ukrainian[16] брат / brat [brɑt̪] 'brother' See Ukrainian phonology
Urdu بال‎/bāl [bɑːl] 'hair' Contrasts with aspirated version(بھ). See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Welsh mab [mɑːb] 'son' See Welsh phonology
West Frisian bak [bak] 'tray'
Yi / bbo [bo˧] 'mountain'
Zapotec Tilquiapan[17] bald [bald] 'few'

See also

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