Waipawa (New Zealand electorate)

Waipawa was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay Region of New Zealand, from 1881 to 1946.

Population centres

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Waipawa, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.[1]

The legislation defined the area as follows:[2]

This district is bounded towards the North by the Hawke's Bay Electoral District; towards the East by the sea; towards the South by the Waimata Stream to its source; thence by a right line to Trig. Station No. 41a; thence by a right line to Trig. Station on Whahatuaro; then by the Manawatu River to the Manawatu Gorge; thence towards the West by lines from peak to peak along the summit of the Ruahine Range to the Hawke's Bay Electoral District,

History

The Waipawa electorate was established for the 1881 election.[3]

William Cowper Smith was the first representative. He was re-elected in 1884.[4] From 1887 to 1890 Smith represented the Woodville electorate, which only existed for those three years.[5]

The representative for Waipawa for the period from 1887 to 1890 was Thomas Tanner; he retired at the end of the parliamentary term.[6] Tanner was succeeded by Smith in the 1890 election; Smith retired at the end of the parliamentary term.[4]

Charles Hall represented Waipawa for the Liberal Party from 1893 to 1896, when he was defeated by George Hunter.[7] Hall in turn defeated Hunter in the 1899 election and then served the electorate until 1911, when he retired.[7] The 1911 election was won by Hunter, who continued to represent the electorate until 1930.[8]

An interesting situation arose in 1928. D. B. Kent was originally announced as an independent Liberal-Labour candidate.[9] He was then approached by the United Party and became their official candidate. The local supporters of the United Party had not been consulted on this, and did not support Kent, but backed Ernest Albert Goodger instead. Goodger thus stood as an independent United candidate.[10] This split the United Party vote, but Hunter again won with an absolute majority.[11]

Hunter's death on 20 August 1930[8] caused the 1930 by-election, which was won by Albert Jull.[12] Jull was confirmed by the voters in the 1931 election, but was defeated in 1935 election by Max Christie.[13] Jull in turn defeated Christie in 1938, but he died on 24 September 1940.[13] Jull was succeeded by Cyril Harker, who won the 1940 by-election. Harker was confirmed by the voters in the 1943 election. He served until the end of the parliamentary term in 1946,[14] when the electorate was abolished.[3]

Members of Parliament

The electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament:[3]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Conservative    Reform    United    Labour    National  

Election results

1943 election

1943 general election: Waipawa [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Cyril Harker 5,546 60.98 -0.34
Labour Archie Low 3,455 37.99
Informal votes 93 1.02 +0.60
Majority 2,091 22.99 +1.71
Turnout 9,094 91.71 +15.57
Registered electors 9,915

1940 by-election

1940 Waipawa by-election [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Cyril Harker 4,913 60.64
Labour Max Christie 3,189 39.36 -7.93
Majority 1,724 21.28
Informal votes 34 0.42 -0.41
Turnout 8,136 76.14 -18.77
Registered electors 10,685
National hold Swing

1938 election

1938 general election: Waipawa [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Albert Jull 5,070 51.86 +18.95
Labour Max Christie 4,624 47.29 +11.37
Informal votes 82 0.83 +0.28
Majority 446 4.56
Turnout 9,776 94.91 +1.54
Registered electors 10,300

1935 election

1935 general election: Waipawa [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Max Christie 3,089 35.92
United Albert Jull 2,830 32.91 -19.71
Independent John Davies Ormond, Jr.[a] 2,121 24.66 -22.72
Democrat W L Barker 559 6.50
Informal votes 48 0.55 -1.04
Majority 259 3.01
Turnout 8,599 93.37
Registered electors 9,209

1931 election

1931 general election: Waipawa [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United Albert Jull 3,870 52.62
Reform John Davies Ormond, Jr.[a] 3,484 47.38
Informal votes 119 1.59
Majority 386 5.25
Turnout 7,473 80.99
Registered electors 9,227

1930 by-election

1930 Waipawa by-election [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United Albert Jull 3,747 52.06
Reform William Tucker 3,450 47.93
Majority 297 4.12
Turnout 7,197
United gain from Reform Swing

1928 election

1928 general election: Waipawa [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform George Hunter 3,983 53.33 -9.05
Independent Ernest Albert Goodger[21] 2,123 28.43
United Douglas Barrington Kent 1,362 18.24
Informal votes 77 1.02 -0.22
Majority 1,860 24.91 +0.14
Turnout 7,545 85.80 -4.34
Registered electors 8,794

1925 election

1925 general election: Waipawa [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform George Hunter 4,486 62.38 +4.31
Liberal William Ashton Chambers 2,705 37.62
Informal votes 90 1.24 +0.06
Majority 1,781 24.77 +8.62
Turnout 7,281 90.13 +3.77
Registered electors 8,078

1922 election

1922 general election: Waipawa [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform George Hunter 3,870 58.07 +6.01
Liberal John Joshua Langridge 2,794 41.93
Informal votes 79 1.17 +0.10
Majority 1,076 16.15 +12.02
Turnout 6,743 86.36 +1.20
Registered electors 7,808

1919 election

1919 general election: Waipawa [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform George Hunter 3,458 52.06 +0.99
Liberal Albert Jull 3,184 47.94 -0.99
Informal votes 72 1.07 -0.38
Majority 274 4.13 +1.98
Turnout 6,714 85.16 -1.12
Registered electors 7,884

1914 election

1914 general election: Waipawa [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform George Hunter 3,282 51.07 -3.51
Liberal Albert Jull 3,144 48.93 +3.51
Informal votes 95 1.46 -0.03
Majority 138 2.15 -7.02
Turnout 6,521 86.28 +4.69
Registered electors 7,558

1911 election

1911 general election: Waipawa, first ballot [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform George Hunter 3,389 54.58 +4.08
Liberal Albert Jull 2,820 45.42
Informal votes 94 1.49
Majority 569 9.16 +8.16
Turnout 6,303 81.59 +2.75
Registered electors 7,725

1908 election

1908 general election: Waipawa, first ballot [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Hall 2,507 50.50 +11.13
Conservative George Hunter 2,457 49.50 -11.13
Turnout 4,964 78.84 -8.09
Majority 50 1.01 -20.25
Registered electors 6,296

1905 election

1905 general election: Waipawa [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Hall 3,576 60.63 -11.49
Conservative George Hunter 2,322 39.37
Informal votes 51 0.86
Majority 1,254 21.26 -22.98
Turnout 5,949 86.94 +18.49
Registered electors 6,843

1902 election

1902 general election: Waipawa [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Hall 2,556 72.12 +15.34
Independent Liberal James Taylor 988 27.88
Majority 1,568 44.24 +30.68
Turnout 3,544 68.44 -15.27
Registered electors 5,178

1899 election

1899 general election: Waipawa [30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Hall 2,332 56.78 +9.62
Conservative George Hunter 1,775 43.22 -9.62
Majority 557 13.56 +7.88
Turnout 4,107 83.71 -0.88
Registered electors 4,906

1896 election

1896 general election: Waipawa [31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Hunter 1,961 52.84 +11.58
Liberal Charles Hall 1,750 47.16 -3.58
Majority 211 5.69 -3.79
Turnout 3,711 84.59 +3.22
Registered electors 4,387

1893 election

1893 general election: Waipawa [32] [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Hall 2,024 50.74
Conservative George Hunter 1,646 41.26 -4.54
Independent William Warrand Carlile[34] 319 8.00
Majority 378 9.48 -6.89
Turnout 3,989 81.37 +28.16
Registered electors 4,902

1890 election

1890 general election: Waipawa [35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Cowper Smith 1,297 57.77
Conservative George Hunter 948 42.23
Majority 349 15.55 +10.04
Turnout 2,245 60.92 -5.81
Registered electors 3,685

1887 election

1887 general election: Waipawa [36] [37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Thomas Tanner 695 44.02 +5.60
Independent John Harker 608 38.51
Independent Fred Sutton 236 14.95
Independent Arthur Rowley William Lascelles 40 2.53
Majority 87 5.51 -17.67
Turnout 1,579 66.74 -0.49
Registered electors 2,366

1884 election

1884 general election: Waipawa [38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent William Cowper Smith 768 61.59 +10.48
Independent Thomas Tanner 479 38.41
Majority 289 23.18 +20.97
Turnout 1,247 67.22 -4.21
Registered electors 1,855

1881 election

1881 general election: Waipawa [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent William Cowper Smith 579 51.10
Independent John Davies Ormond 554 48.90
Majority 25 2.21
Turnout 1,133 71.44
Registered electors 1,586

Table footnotes

  1. ^ a b Ormond was the son of John Davies Ormond and the father of John Ormond

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