War Child (album)

War Child
Jethro Tull - War Child.jpg
Studio album by
Released 14 October 1974 (US)
26 October 1974 (UK)
Recorded 7 December 1973 - 24 February 1974 at Morgan Studios, London, except track 6, 10 September 1972 and track 8, 15 September 1972, at the Château d'Hérouville, France
Genre Progressive rock, hard rock
Length 39:21
Label Chrysalis
Producer Ian Anderson, Terry Ellis
Jethro Tull chronology
A Passion Play
(1973)
War Child
(1974)
Minstrel in the Gallery
(1975)
Singles from
War Child
  1. "Bungle in the Jungle"
    Released: 14 October 1974 [1]
  2. "Skating Away on the Thin Ice of the New Day"
    Released: 17 February 1975 [2]

War Child is the seventh studio album by Jethro Tull, released in October 1974. It was released almost a year and a half after the release of A Passion Play. The turmoil over criticism of the previous album surrounded the production of War Child, which obliged the band to do press conferences and explain their plans for the future.[3][4][5]

Recording

The band began recording songs for the album on 7 December 1973, starting with "Ladies". They recorded "The Third Hoorah" along with the outtake "Paradise Steakhouse" on 8 December, "War Child" and "Back-Door Angels" along with outtake "Saturation" on 16 December, the sound effects from "Bungle in the Jungle", "Ladies", "Skating Away on the Thin Ice of the New Day" and "The Third Hoorah" along with outtake "Good Godmother" and orchestral piece "Mime Sequence" on 19 December, "Sea Lion" along with outtake "Sea Lion II" on 6 January 1974, "Queen and Country" on 20 January 1974 and finally "Two Fingers" and "Bungle in the Jungle" along with outtake "Tomorrow was Today" on 24 February 1974. The whole album was recorded at Morgan Studios, in London, except for tracks 6 and 8, which were recorded at the Château d'Hérouville, in France. According to the liner notes on the 2014 Theatre Edition reissue, War Child was a much more relaxed record to make, compared to the previous album and the Château d'Hérouville sessions. The studio equipment worked, the sound in the studio was very workable, and the atmosphere within the band was very settled and productive.

Music

Much of the music derived from past recording sessions of the band. "Only Solitaire" and "Skating Away on the Thin Ice of the New Day" were left over from the summer 1972 writing sessions for what was to have been the follow-up to Thick as a Brick (1972). The basic tracks and lead vocals for those two songs were recorded during September 1972 sessions in France. "Bungle in the Jungle" also shares some elements with material recorded in September 1972. Ian Anderson told Songfacts: "It was actually late '72 or early '73 when I was in Paris recording an album that never got released, although one or two of the tracks made it out in 1974, but that was at a time when I was writing an album that was exploring people, the human condition, through analogies with the animal kingdom."[6] "Two Fingers" is a rearrangement of "Lick Your Fingers Clean", a track from the Aqualung (1971) recording sessions that was not included on that album's original release.

Film

Originally meant to accompany a film project (the album was planned as a double-album set), it was reinstated as a ten-song, single-length rock album after failed attempts to find a major movie studio to finance the film.[7] The "War Child" movie was written as a metaphysical black comedy concerning a teenage girl in the afterlife, meeting characters based on God, St. Peter and Lucifer portrayed as shrewd businessmen. Notable British actor Leonard Rossiter was to have been featured, Margot Fonteyn was to have choreographed, while Monty Python veteran John Cleese was pencilled in as a "humour consultant".

Packaging

The front cover is a composite photograph featuring a positive color print of Melbourne at night, and a negative print of a studio photo of lead singer Ian Anderson. The back cover of the album contains images of people, including the five members of the band, friends, wives, girlfriends, Chrysalis Records staff, and manager Terry Ellis, all related to the song titles. Anderson's personal touring assistant (and future wife) Shona Learoyd appears as a ringmaster, while Terry Ellis appears as a leopard skin-clad, umbrella-waving aggressive businessman.

Music style and themes

The album prominently features Dee Palmer's string orchestration across an eclectic musical set, with the band members, as the two predecessor albums, playing a multitude of instruments. The music is lighter and more whimsical than the dark A Passion Play, with hints of comedy in the lyrics and the music' structure, although the lyrics still unleash lashing critiques of established society (as in "Queen and Country" and "Bungle in the Jungle"), religion ("Two Fingers") and critics ("Only Solitaire").[8]

Releases

Tracks slated to accompany the film such as "Quartet" and "Warchild Waltz" (called "Waltz of the Angels" on the Theatre Edition) were unearthed and released across several Tull compilations, and finally all of them appeared on the 2002 CD reissue.

In 2014, to commemorate the album's 40th anniversary, War Child: The 40th Anniversary Theatre Edition was released; a 2 CD/2 DVD, limited edition package, remixed by Steven Wilson containing unreleased tracks, a promo video of "The Third Hoorah", orchestral pieces that were originally written for the film project, a script synopsis and track-by-track annotations by Ian Anderson.[9][10]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic [11]
The Encyclopedia of Popular Music [12]
Džuboks (mixed)[13]
Rolling Stone (unfavourable)[14]
Sputnik Music 2.5/5[15]

The 1974 Rolling Stone review of the album is very harsh, as was the Rolling Stone review of A Passion Play: "Each handcrafted track comes chock-full of schmaltz, strings, tootie-fruitti sound effects and flute toots to boot, not to mention Anderson's warbling lyricism." Concluding, the reviewer said: "Remember: Tull rhymes with dull."[14]

The AllMusic review, by Bruce Eder, recognizes the quality of the album and the musicians, but stated that: "[War Child] never made the impression of its predecessors, however, as it was a return to standard-length songs following two epic-length pieces. It was inevitable that the material would lack power, if only because the opportunity for development that gave Thick as a Brick and A Passion Play some of their power."[11]

Charts

Chart (1974) Peak
position
Australia (Kent Music Report)[16] 9
Denmark[17] 9
Norway 8
Billboard pop albums 2
UK (Official Charts Company) 14

Covers

Track listing

1974 Original release

All music is composed by Ian Anderson, except where noted.

2002 Remaster

2014 The 40th Anniversary Theatre Edition

*Tracks 12-21: orchestral recordings

Personnel

Jethro Tull
Additional personnel
  • Dee Palmer – orchestral arrangements
  • Robin Black – sound engineer
  • Terry Ellis – executive producer

References

  1. ^ "Jethro Tull singles".
  2. ^ "Jethro Tull singles".
  3. ^ "Jethro Tull Press: Circus Raves - Ian Anderson fights back with War Child (November 1974)". Tullpress.com. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  4. ^ "Jethro Tull Press: Melody Maker - Ian Anderson's War (7 December 1974)". Tullpress.com. 7 December 1974. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Jethro Tull Press: LA Times - Jethro Tull: Waves Over Oiled Waters (22 December 1974)". Tullpress.com. 22 December 1974. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Bungle in the Jungle". Songfacts.com. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
  7. ^ "Surprise - The Abandoned "War Child" Movie Outline (www.j-tull.com)". Archived from the original on 18 March 2006.
  8. ^ "Jethro Tull - War Child (14 October 1974)". JethroTull.com. 14 October 1974. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Jethro Tull stream The Orchestral War Child Theme - Prog". Prog.teamrock.com. Retrieved 1 May 2015. [Dead Link]
  10. ^ "Jethro Tull 'War Child' 40th anniversary remix". StevenWilsonHQ.com. 29 September 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  11. ^ a b Bruce Eder. "Jethro Tull - War Child (1974) album review, credits & releases at AllMusic.com". AllMusic. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  12. ^ Larkin, Colin (2007). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195313734.
  13. ^ Konjović, Slobodan. "Jethro Tull – War Child". Džuboks (in Serbian). Gornji Milanovac: Dečje novine (6 (second series)): 24.
  14. ^ a b "Jethro Tull Press: Rolling Stone: Jethro Tull - War Child (1974) review (19 December 1974)". Tullpress.com. 19 December 1974. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Jethro Tull - War Child (1974) album review". Sputnikmusic.com. 16 March 2006. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  16. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 155. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  17. ^ "Danish Albums Chart". DanskeHitLister.dk. Retrieved 19 May 2021.

External links

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