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|Chancellor of Austria|
2 December 2008 – 9 May 2016
|Vice Chancellor||Josef Pröll
|Preceded by||Alfred Gusenbauer|
|Succeeded by||Christian Kern|
|Chair of the Social Democratic Party|
8 August 2008 – 9 May 2016
|Preceded by||Alfred Gusenbauer|
|Succeeded by||Christian Kern|
|Minister of Transport, Innovation and Technology|
11 January 2007 – 23 November 2008
|Preceded by||Hubert Gorbach|
|Succeeded by||Doris Bures|
|Born|| (1960-05-04) 4 May 1960
|Political party||Social Democratic Party|
Werner Faymann (German: [ˈvɛɐ̯nɐ ˈfaɪman]; born 4 May 1960) is a former Austrian politician who was Chancellor of Austria and chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) from 2008 to 2016. On 9 May 2016, Faymann resigned from both positions amid widening criticism within his party.
Early life and education
Werner Faymann was born in Vienna and also attended grammar school there. After graduating from grammar school he enrolled at the University of Vienna (jurisprudence, political science, and history of art).
In 1981, Faymann became provincial chairman of the Socialist Youth Vienna (Sozialistische Jugend Wien). From 1985 to 1988 Faymann was a consultant to the bank Zentralsparkasse der Gemeinde Wien (now UniCredit Bank Austria AG). The bank at the time was closely linked to the municipal government dominated by the Social Democrats. He left the bank to become director and provincial chairman of the Viennese Tenants' counselling.
Subsequently, Faymann became a member of the Viennese state parliament and municipal council, where he held various positions concerning housing construction and urban renewal.
Minister of Transport, 2007–08
Soon Faymann was seen as the likely successor of Gusenbauer. He never challenged Gusenbauer openly, but the chancellor faced an internal party rebellion in June 2008 and voluntarily relinquished the party leadership. On 16 June 2008 Faymann succeeded Gusenbauer as chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) and led the party in the snap legislative elections, held on 28 September 2008.
The election was famously preceded by Faymann and Gusenbauer announcing a shift in the party's position towards the signing of new EU treaties, which they did by writing an open letter to Hans Dichand, the editor of the yellow press medium Kronen Zeitung. At the time, the Kronen Zeitung was the largest newspaper in the country. The letter caused a scandal within the party, as no party committee had been involved in deciding the shift.
The pro-EU Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) cancelled the existing coalition, thus causing new elections. Faymann was known for his good relationship to Dichand, who would also support him in the following election campaign. Although the SPÖ lost 11 seats, and had a 6% swing against it (in fact, their worst result since World War II), they came out ahead of their main rivals Austrian People's Party in regard to seats (57 to 51) as well as to share of the vote (29.26% to 25.98%). Afterwards, Faymann renewed the coalition with the Austrian People's Party, as he had announced before the election.
Chancellor of Austria, 2008–2016
In 2012, Austria's government curbed the remit of a parliamentary investigation into high-level corruption and ensured Faymann was not called to testify.
In 2013, public prosecutors were looking into whether Faymann and a top aide, Josef Ostermayer, had swayed the ÖBB state railways and ASFiNAG motorway agency to place advertisements promoting him in newspapers during his tenure as infrastructure minister. Both had repeatedly denied any wrongdoing in the breach of trust case, which the opposition Freedom Party (FPÖ) had asked prosecutors to investigate. By November 2013, Austrian authorities dropped their investigation.
On 9 May 2016, Faymann resigned as chancellor and party leader, after losing confidence from a considerable number of party members, despite retaining confidence from a majority of them. His party's candidate and the candidate from its coalition partner, the People's Party, were both historically eliminated in the first round of the presidential elections held on 24 April 2016, resulting in a run-off between Norbert Hofer of the right-wing populist Freedom Party of Austria and Alexander Van der Bellen, an independent endorsed by The Greens. Hofer announced that as president he could dissolve the National Council in order to hold elections, which would at the time probably have led to a win of the populists and thereby forced Faymann to resign.
During his tenure, Faymann is said to have moved his once solidly pro-European party toward a more eurosceptic course, but he kept his distance from the far-right parties. In domestic affairs, Faymann's administration was notable in enacting a wide range of reforms in areas such as education and social security.
Initially, Faymann sided with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in supporting the thousands of refugees fleeing wars in countries such as Syria and seeking asylum in Europe. Austria took in around 90,000 asylum-seekers in 2015, then more than 1 percent of its population. However, support for his policies fell, and the country's institutions struggled to cope with hundreds of thousands of arrivals in Austria, and he later criticized what he called Merkel's "wait-and-see" approach to tackling Europe's economic problems and demanded a more aggressive push to combat unemployment in Europe. Measures to halt immigration inflows along the so-called "Balkan route" subsequently strained relations between the two countries. The reversal angered parts of the Social Democrats but failed to stop Norbert Hofer, a right-wing politician, from taking more than 35 per cent of the vote in the first round of the 2016 presidential election, then the highest vote that the party had ever secured in a national poll.
Life after politics
In August 2016, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Faymann as the United Nations' Special Envoy on Youth Unemployment. In this capacity, he works closely with Ahmad Alhendawi, the Secretary-General's Envoy on Youth.
In September 2016, Faymann and his former spokesperson Matthias Euler-Rolle founded their own communications consultancy in Vienna.
- Karl Renner Institute, member of the board of trustees
- Hans Kelsen Institute, ex-officio chairman of the board of trustees
- National Fund of the Republic of Austria for Victims of National Socialism, ex-officio member of the board of trustees
In a media interview published amid the European migrant crisis in September 2015, Faymann said Hungary's decision to tell refugees that a train they were boarding was bound for the capital Budapest when in fact it was heading to a refugee camp was reminiscent "of the darkest chapter of our continent's history". In response to this comparison with Nazi deportations, Hungary summoned the Austrian ambassador.
- "Shock as Austrian Chancellor Faymann quits". BBC.
- "Chancellor of Austria". World Diplomacy. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- Hahn, Nadja (18 September 2013). "In a message on twitter, Werner Faymann is cited saying that he graduated from grammar school". www.twitter.com (in German). Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Interview in Austrian television" (video). YouTube (in German). 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- "AVZ-Stiftung: Wie gewonnen, so zeronnen" (news) (in German). 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Curriculum Vitae of Werner Faymann". Federal Chancellery of Austria. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
- Eric Frey (21 November 2008), Werner Faymann: Public promoter of popular ideas Financial Times.
- "Nationalratswahlen 2008" (in German). Federal Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
- "Austrian President Fischer Asks Faymann to Form Government". Bloomberg L.P. 8 October 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
- "New Austrian government takes office". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. 2 December 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
- Michael Shields (20 September 2012), Austria curbs sleaze panel remit, opposition protests Reuters.
- Michael Shields (5 November 2013), Prosecutors drop advertising probe into Austrian leader Reuters.
- "Shock as Austrian Chancellor Faymann quits". BBC News. 9 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
- "News from Austria 2011: Federal Chancellery of Austria". Oesta. 3 January 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Austria". Eiro Annual Review. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Austria". Eiro Annual Review. 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- Ralph Atkins and Mark Odell (9 May 2016), Austrian chancellor Werner Faymann resigns after far-right surge Financial Times.
- Francois Murphy, Shadia Nasralla and Kirsti Knolle (9 May 2016), Austrian chancellor Faymann quits after party revolt Reuters.
- Ralph Atkins (22 April 2016), In a postwar first, Austria's mainstream parties face shutout Financial Times.
- Michael Shields (8 February 2015), Austrian chancellor says Merkel's economic policy too timid - Kurier Reuters.
- Brenna Hughes Neghaiwi (13 August 2016), Ex-Austrian Chancellor Faymann made U.N. youth unemployment envoy Reuters.
- Secretary-General Appoints Werner Faymann of Austria As Special Envoy on Youth Employment United Nations, press release of 12 August 2016.
- Faymann und Euler-Rolle gründen Immo- und PR-Unternehmen Der Standard, 1 September 2016.
- Thomas Escritt (12 September 2015), Hungary summons Austrian ambassador over Faymann's remarks Reuters.
- "Werner Faymann" (in German). Social Democratic Party of Austria. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
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