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Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford
The Duke of Bedford
|Duke of Bedford|
|Tenure||7 September 1700 – 26 May 1711|
|Successor||Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke|
|Other titles||2nd Marquess of Tavistock
6th Earl of Bedford
6th Baron Russell
4th Baron Russell of Thornhaugh
2nd Baron Howland
|Born||(1680-11-01)1 November 1680|
|Died||26 May 1711(1711-05-26) (aged 30)|
|Issue||William Russell (Aug–Dec 1703)
William Russell (b. 1704)
|Parents||William Russell, Lord Russell
Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford KG (1 November 1680 – 26 May 1711) was an English nobleman and politician. He was the son of William Russell, Lord Russell, and his wife Lady Rachel Wriothesley. From 1683 until 1694, he was styled Lord Russell, and from 1695 until his accession in 1700, Marquess of Tavistock.
Russell married the rich heiress Elizabeth Howland, daughter of John Howland of Streatham, on 23 May 1695. Shortly thereafter (13 June 1695), his grandfather, the Duke of Bedford, was created Baron Howland of Streatham to commemorate the marriage. The couple had six children:
- William Russell, Marquess of Tavistock (13 August 1703 – December 1703)
- William Russell, Marquess of Tavistock (1704 – c. May 1707)
- Lady Rachael Russell (c. 1707–1777), married Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgwater, as her first husband, and had issue. She was widowed on the 11 January 1744. On the 14 December 1745, at St James, Westminster, she married her second husband, Lt-General Sir Richard Lyttelton, KB.
- Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford (1708–1732)
- Lt.-Gen. Sir John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford (1710–1771)
- Lady Elizabeth Russell (1704–1784), married William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex, and had issue.
On 13 May 1696, Tavistock, as he then was, matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxford. Around 1698, he began the construction of the Howland Great Wet Dock on the Thames, on some of his wife's dowry lands in Rotherhithe.
Russell held the offices of Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire, Bedfordshire and Middlesex between 1701 and 1711. He was also a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to William III from 1701 to 1702. After William's death, he was invested as a Knight of the Garter on 14 March 1702 and served as Lord High Constable of England for the coronation of Queen Anne.
- The Register of Marriages in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster. 1723-1754. 14 December 1745. Lyttleton held the rank of colonel at the time and was listed as the Hon. Colonel Richard Lyttleton. The marriage was by special licence and performed by Dr Charles Lyttleton, later the Bishop of Carlisle, Lyttleton's brother.
- "thePeerage.com". Retrieved 6 January 2006.
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