Yahya Petra of Kelantan
|Yang di-Pertuan Agong VI
Al-Sultan of Kelantan
|Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Reign||21 September 1975 – 29 March 1979|
|Installation||28 February 1976|
|Predecessor||Abdul Halim of Kedah|
|Successor||Ahmad Shah of Pahang|
|Sultan of Kelantan|
|Reign||10 December 1960 – 29 March 1979|
|Coronation||17 July 1961|
|Predecessor||Ibrahim IV of Kelantan|
|Successor||Ismail Petra of Kelantan|
|Born||(1917-12-10)10 December 1917
Istana Kota Lama, Sungai Kelantan, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Unfederated Malay States, British Malaya
|Died||29 March 1979(1979-03-29) (aged 61)
Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
|Burial||30 March 1979
( m. 1939; died 1979)
Sultan Ismail Petra
Tengku Muhammad Petra
|Father||Sultan Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV|
|Mother||Cik Puan Besar Embong Binti Daud|
Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim, GCMG, (Jawi:z سلطان يحي ڤيترا ابن المرحوم سلطان إبراهيم;z10 December 1917 – 29 March 1979) was the sixth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia from 21 September 1975 to his death, and twelfth (by some reckoning tenth) Sultan of Kelantan (1960–1979).
He was born Tengku Yahya Petra at Istana Kota Lama, Sungai Kelantan, in Kota Bharu. He was the second son of Sultan Ibrahim ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV (b. 1897; reigned 1944–1960) by his third wife, Cik Embong binti Encik Daud (1899–1971), who was later promoted to the style Che Ampuan Besar by her son.
The young Tengku Yahya Petra was raised by his childless uncle, Tengku Ismail, later Sultan Ismail ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV. He was sent to the Francis Light School in Penang before continuing his studies in England. His uncle, Sultan Ismail, appointed him Tengku Temenggong on 21 July 1939. He was later promoted to Tengku Bendahara on 6 February 1945 by his father, then Sultan Ibrahim. He served in various Kelantan civil service posts from 1941 to 1948.
The Kelantan Succession Dispute
Tengku Indra Petra was the eldest son of Sultan Ibrahim and elder brother of Tengku Yahya Petra. After Sultan Ibrahim succeeded his childless brother Sultan Ismail, Tengku Indra Petra had been appointed heir apparent with the title of Raja Muda on 25 October 1944. However, due to conflict with his father, he was dismissed from the post and removed from the line of succession by his father's decree on 1 February 1948. On the same day, Tengku Yahya Petra replaced his brother as heir apparent with the new title of Tengku Mahkota.
Tengku Indra Petra became a politician and was elected a Member of Parliament (MP) in the first federal legislative election of 1955. Tengku Indra's descendants have since disputed their family's exclusion from the line succession of the Kelantan throne.
Tengku Indra Petra did not preside over the installation of Sultan Yahya Petra's successor, Sultan Ismail Petra, It was Tengku Panglima Raja Tengku Ahmad who presided over both installations of Sultan Yahya Petra and Sultan Ismail Petra. Tengku Panglima Raja is the father of the former Sultanah of Johor, Sultanah Zanariah binti Tengku Ahmad.
Sultan Yahya Petra (as he became) succeeded his father a day after the latter's death on 9 July 1960. He was crowned on 17 July 1961 at Istana Balai Besar in Kota Bharu.
Election as Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Sultan Yahya Petra served as Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the federal deputy king between 21 September 1970 until 20 September 1975.
Election as Yang di-Pertuan Agong
During the election of the sixth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (the federal king), the most senior rulers Sultan Abu Bakar of Pahang and Sultan Ismail of Johor both declined to be considered. Sultan Yahya Petra also declined nomination at first due to having suffered a serious stroke, but changed his mind and was duly elected. His term began from 21 September 1975.
Events During Kingship
Malaysia's second prime minister Tun Abdul Razak died on 14 January 1976 less than four months into Sultan Yahya Petra's reign as Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
In 1977 a state of emergency was declared in his state following a political crisis and violence.
Death and Funeral
Sultan Yahya Petra died in his sleep of an apparent heart attack at the National Palace on 29 March 1979. His coffin lay in state at the National Palace for a day and was then taken by plane to Kota Bharu where it was buried at the Langgar Royal Mausoleum.
He was married to Tengku Zainab binti Tengku Sri Utama Raja Tengku Muhammad Petra (1917–1993), who was styled Raja Perempuan Zainab II (her stepmother-in-law was Raja Perempuan Zainab I, consort of Sultan Ibrahim) and Raja Permaisuri Agong. Sultan Yahya Petra and Raja Perempuan Zainab II had one son and fives daughters. He also married Tengku Alexandria and was given a son.
Several institutions and places were named after Sultan Yahya Petra, including:
- Petra Jaya, a suburb in Kuching, Sarawak
- Sultan Yahya Petra Bridge, Kota Bharu
- Masjid Sultan Yahya Petra, Machang
- S.M.K. Sultan Yahya Petra (1), Kuala Krai
- S.M.K. Sultan Yahya Petra (2), Kuala Krai
- S.K. Sultan Yahya Petra (1), Kuala Krai
- S.K. Sultan Yahya Petra (2), Kuala Krai
Titles and styles
- 10 December 1917 - 21 July 1939: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Yahya Petra ibni Tengku Ibrahim Petra
- 21 July 1939 - 21 June 1944: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Yahya Petra ibni Tengku Ibrahim Petra, The Tengku Temenggong of Kelantan
- 21 June 1944 - 6 February 1945: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Yahya Petra ibni Sultan Ibrahim IV Petra, The Tengku Temenggong of Kelantan
- 6 February 1945 - 1 February 1948: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Yahya Petra ibni Sultan Ibrahim IV Petra, The Tengku Bendahara of Kelantan
- 1 February 1948 - 10 July 1960: His Royal Highness (Yang Teramat Mulia) Tengku Yahya Petra ibni Sultan Ibrahim IV Petra, The Tengku Mahkota of Kelantan
- 10 July 1960 – 21 September 1975: His Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim IV Petra, The Sultan of Kelantan
- 21 September 1975 - 29 March 1979: His Majesty (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda) Tuanku Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim IV Petra, The Yang di-Pertuan Agong VI
Awards and recognitions
Honours of Kelantan
- Recipient (21 July 1939) and Grand Master (1960–1979) of the Royal Family Order of Kelantan or "Star of Yunus" (DK)
- Knight Grand Commander (SPMK, 9 August 1950) and Grand Master (1960–1979) of the Order of the Crown of Kelantan or "Star of Muhammad"
- Knight Grand Commander (SJMK, 9 August 1959) and Grand Master (1960–1979) of the Order of the Life of the Crown of Kelantan or "Star of Ismail"
- Founding Grand Master and Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Loyalty to the Crown of Kelantan or "Star of Ibrahim" (SPSK, 10 December 1967 – 29 March 1979)
- Grand Master of the Order of the Most Distinguished and Most Valiant Warrior (PYGP, 9 July 1960 – 29 March 1979)
Honours of Malaysia
- Malaysia :
- Recipient of Order of the Royal House of Malaysia (DKM, 1975-1979)
- Recipient (17 July 1961) and Grand Master (1975-1979) of the Order of the Crown of the Realm (DMN)
- Grand Master (1975-1979) of the Order of the Defender of the Realm
- Grand Master (1975-1979) of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia
- Grand Master (1975-1979) of the Order of Merit of Malaysia
- Grand Master (1979-1979) of the Order of the Royal Household of Malaysia
- Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (SMN, 31 August 1958)
- Kedah :
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Kedah (DK, 5 July 1969)
- Pahang :
- Perlis :
- Selangor :
- Terengganu :
- Member first class of the Family Order of Terengganu (DK I, 23 June 1964)
- Sarawak :
- Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of Hornbill Sarawak (DP)
- Brunei :
- Dato Laila Utama of the Royal Family Order of Brunei (DK, 1961)
- United Kingdom :
- Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG – 1952)
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) – 1972
- Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal (1953)
Places named after him
Several places were named after him, including:
- Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kuala Lumpur (formerly Jalan Semarak/Jalan Henry Gurney)
- Jalan Tuanku Yahya Petra, the main road on Penang Hill
- Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra in Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sultan Yahya Petra Mosque in Machang, Kelantan
- SK Sultan Yahya Petra (1), a primary school in Kuala Krai, Kelantan
- SK Sultan Yahya Petra (2), a primary school in Kuala Krai, Kelantan
- SMK Sultan Yahya Petra 1, a secondary school in Kuala Krai, Kelantan
- SMK Sultan Yahya Petra 2, a secondary school in Kuala Krai, Kelantan
- Sultan Yahya Petra Bridge in Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sultan Yahya Petra Second Bridge in Kota Bharu, Kelantan