Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah

Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah
Coat of arms of Sabah.svg
Juhar Mahiruddin

since 1 January 2011
Style Tuan Yang Terutama
(His Excellency)
Residence Istana Negeri, Peti Surat 10093, 88500 Kota Kinabalu[1]
Appointer Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Term length 4 Years
(At the Yang di-Pertuan Agong Pleasure)
Inaugural holder Mustapha Harun
Formation 16 September 1963

The Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah is the ceremonial head of state of the Malaysian state of Sabah. Other meaning is "His Excellency" Governor of state of Sabah. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri is styled Tuan Yang Terutama (TYT) (English: His Excellency).

The current office bearer, Juhar Mahiruddin, was sworn in on 1 January 2011.


The office of the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) is established by the Constitution of Sabah. According to Article 1 (1) of the Constitution, the office must exist and be appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) after consultation with the Chief Minister.[2] Every governor is appointed for a term of 4-years. However, the King reserves the power to extend his term of appointment.

The Governor has neither deputy nor assistant. However, in event of his inability to govern the state due to illness, absence or any other cause, the King reserves the power to appoint a person to exercise the function of the Governor.

Functions, powers and privileges

Many functions and powers of the King โ€“ at the federal level โ€“ are delegated to the Governor at the state level โ€“ like the other Rulers of States. The Governor, however, has no power and function towards the Judiciary.

As he is the Head of State, he is a member of the Conference of Rulers. He share the same power with the other members of the Conference. However, he can't be appointed as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

Article 10 of the Constitution describes that the Governor has to act according to the Constitution and makes decisions based on the advice from the State Cabinet. However, he may also act on his own discretion in certain matters.[3]

The Constitution provides the power to the Governor to appoint key officers of the State. Most of them are appointed after consultation with the Chief Minister, except in appointing the Chief Minister.[4] The same process occurred during dismissal of an office bearer.

The Constitution also describes powers of the Governor in the State Legislative Assembly. All bills must be assented by the Governor in 30 days after a bill passed. The Governor also has to address the Assembly annually.

List of Yang di-Pertua Negeri

The following is the list of Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah:[2][5]

โ„– Portrait Yang di-Pertua Negeri Term of office
Took office Left office Days
1 Mustapha Harun.jpg Mustapha Harun 16 September 1963 16 September 1965 731
2 Coat of arms of Sabah (1963-82).svg Pengiran Ahmad Raffae 16 September 1965 16 September 1973 2922
3 Tun Fuad Stephens.jpg Fuad Stephens 16 September 1973 28 July 1975 680
4 Coat of arms of Sabah (1963-82).svg Mohd Hamdan Abdullah 28 July 1975 10 October 1977 805
5 Coat of arms of Sabah (1963-82).svg Ahmad Koroh 12 October 1977 25 June 1978 256
6 Coat of arms of Sabah (1963-82).svg Mohamad Adnan Robert 25 June 1978 31 December 1986 3111
7 Coat of arms of Sabah (1982-1988).svg Mohammad Said Keruak 1 January 1987 31 December 1994 2921
8 Semporna Sabah Tun-Sakaran-Dandai-01.jpg Sakaran Dandai 1 January 1995 31 December 2002 2921
9 Coat of arms of Sabah.svg Ahmadshah Abdullah 1 January 2003 31 December 2010 2921
10 Sabah-TYT-JuharMahiruddin-01.jpg Juhar Mahiruddin 1 January 2011 present 3577

Living former Yang di-Pertua Negeri

Two former Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah are alive, the oldest being Sakaran Dandai (1995โ€“2002, born 1930).

Name Term as Yang di-Pertua Negeri Date of birth
Sakaran Dandai 1995โ€“2002 (1930-04-15) 15 April 1930 (age 90)
Ahmadshah Abdullah 2003โ€“2010 (1946-12-09) 9 December 1946 (age 73)

The most recent death of a former Yang di-Pertua Negeri was that of Mohammad Adnan Robert (1978โ€“1987), in 2003.

See also


External links