Norse name Hjaltland
Meanin o name 'Hiltland'
Flag of Shetland.svg
Shetland UK relief location map.jpg
Shetland is locatit in Scotland
Shetland shawn within Scotland
OS grid reference HU4363
Coordinates 60°21′N 1°13′W / 60.350°N 1.217°W / 60.350; -1.217Coordinates: 60°21′N 1°13′W / 60.350°N 1.217°W / 60.350; -1.217
Physical geography
Island group Northren Isles
Aurie 1,466 km2 (566 sq mi)
Heichest elevation Ronas Hill 450 m (1,480 ft)
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Kintra Scotland
Cooncil aurie Shetland Islands Cooncil
Population 23,210 (2012)
Population density 15/km2 (40/sq mi)
Lairgest settlement Lerwick

Shetland (aulder spellin: Zetland, frae Ȝetland; Auld Norse Hjaltland; Gaelic: Sealtainn) is an archipelago aff the northeast coast o mainlaund Scotland. The islands lees tae the northeast o Orkney, 280 km (170 mi) frae the Faroe Islands an mak up pairt o the diveesion atween the Atlantic Ocean tae the wast an the German Ocean tae the east. The hail area is aboot 1,466 km² (566 sq mi). Shetland is ane o the 32 cooncil areas o Scotland. The islands' admeenistrative centre an anely burgh is Lerwick.

The lairgest island, kent as "the Mainland," haes an area o 967 km² (374 sq mi), makkin it the third-lairgest Scots island an the fifth-lairgest o the Breetish Isles.

The Pechts leid deed oot durin the Viking occupation an wis replaced by Auld Norse, whilk in turn evolved intae Norn. This remains the maist kenspeckle aff-faw o Norse cultur on the islands. Awmaist ivery place name in uise thare can be traced back tae the Vikings.[1] Norn continued tae be spoken till the 18t century whan it wis replaced by a insular byleid o Scots kent as Shetlandic an aw, that in turn is bein replaced by Scots Inglis.

Awtho Norn wis spoken for hunders o years it is nou extinct an few written sources remain.

A wulver be a craitur fae Shetland fowklair alike the warwouf, descrived as a man wi a wouf heid kivert in broun fur. Unalike the veecious warwouf it be a pally beast that wad anely fash thiam that fasht it.

Jarlshof is the best kent prehistoric archaeological steid in Shetland.

  1. Julian Richards, Vikingblod, page 236, Hermon Forlag, ISBN 8283200165